Activity: Talk or presentation types › Oral presentation
Regular inspection and maintenance of oil and gas pipelines is crucial for safe and cost effective operation of oil and gas industry. Various techniques are practised globally for this purpose. One such technique is to insert a maintenance device within the pipeline that can monitor and record various parameters of interest, such corrosion etc., for in-situ inspection and repair of the pipeline. The shape of maintenance device is conventionally rectangular and it houses different sensors to monitor pipeline condition. The maintenance device are thus hollow and can propagate freely within the pipeline. Extensive research has been carried out on the use and effects of such maintenance devices in straight pipes, however, published literature regarding their use in pipe bends is severely limited. In the present study, an advanced numerical approach has been used to investigate the effects of the presence of a maintenance device on the flow structure and hydrodynamic characteristics of hydraulic pipe bends used within oil and gas sector. A novel methodology has been used, and verified, to predict the velocity of the maintenance device within pipe bends. It has been observed that after the maintenance device is inserted in a pipe bend, the flow structure within the bend changes significantly. The flow within the bend has been noticed to become highly non-uniform, with the generation of considerable amount of secondary flows. This leads to substantial increase in the pressure drop across the bends. This information can be integrated in the pipeline design for better accuracy.