Post-disaster Road Reconstruction in Aceh - Local Governments' Role in Road Maintenance

Activity: Talk or presentation typesOral presentation

Description

Many studies have shown the importance of improved road infrastructure towards economic development of a region through economic agglomeration and widened business network coverage resulting from better access and higher mobility. However, such benefit can only be achieved if road infrastructure remains accessible and reliable in the long term period. Accordingly, in addition to resources required for the construction, road management will also need to allocate adequate resources for the maintenance.
In the event of major natural disasters, road infrastructure is among the sectors that often suffer from the greatest damages and losses. It is also suggested that reconstruction of road infrastructure is critical for a speedy recovery process. In the case of tsunami reconstruction in Aceh, Indonesia, poor road infrastructure is also argued to have caused delays and higher reconstruction cost.
In most developing countries such as Indonesia, another important issue requiring particular attention is the ability and capability of local government in maintaining road infrastructures. In the post-tsunami reconstruction in Aceh, disregard to road classification and ownership status (national, Prov. or district),
most of road reconstruction projects were either funded or co-funded by national government and donor agencies; which project outcomes were then transferred to local government. This resulted in giving additional burden to local governments with low technical and financial capacity for maintaining and
ensuring the long term benefit of the investment, particularly where there are more road networks reconstructed than destroyed.
Accordingly, this paper, which is based on an ongoing PhD study, discusses issues identified in the post-disaster road reconstruction in Aceh with regards to local governments’ capacity in road maintenance. The discussion includes regulations, policies and other aspects that contributed to the road management and maintenance within the context of Aceh post-tsunami reconstruction.
PeriodAug 2021
Event title8th Annual Conference of International Institute for Infrastructure Renewal and Reconstruction
Event typeConference
Conference number8
LocationKumamoto, Japan
Degree of RecognitionInternational