The Importance of Building Resilience in Tropical Agro-ecosystems for a Sustainable Future

  • Hemachandra, D. (Speaker)
  • De Silva Nandaseela, S. M. A. T. (Contributor to Paper or Presentation)
  • Amaratunga, D. (Contributor to Paper or Presentation)
  • Haigh, R. (Contributor to Paper or Presentation)
  • D. M. N. A. Dissanayaka (Contributor to Paper or Presentation)
  • Dinushka Hettiarachchi (Contributor to Paper or Presentation)
  • Champa Navaratne (Contributor to Paper or Presentation)

Activity: Talk or presentation typesOral presentation

Description

Agriculture has made positive and negative impacts on lives and the natural environment. For example, agricultural lands damage natural vegetation, habitats, and ecosystems (Darkoh, 2003). Moreover, agrochemicals cause environmental degradation and harm human well-being (Arthur et al., 2000; Moncaster et al., 2000; Wimalawansa & Wimalawansa, 2014). In contrast, agriculture provides the lifeline for humans and the environment (Altieri et al., 1983; Cervantes-Godoy & Dewbre, 2010; Dubey et al., 2021; Wezel et al., 2014). Tropical agro-ecosystems are specifically important since tropics have optimum conditions for agricultural production with large verities of products. Furthermore, with the increasing population growth, tropical agro-ecosystems has become a vital element to assure global food security (Vermeulen et al., 2012). However, within the context of climate change, tropical agro-ecosystems have become specifically challenged due to changes in climatic conditions, weather patterns, rainfall changes, temperature changes, and extreme weather events (Andres & Bhullar, 2016). Furthermore, the rapid population growth leading to increasing food demand, urbanisation and clearance of agricultural lands further challenge tropical agriculture (DeFries et al., 2004; Liebman et al., 2015; Peterson et al., 2018). In this context, achieving Sustainable Development Goals becomes a challenge since preserving agriculture sustainability while fulfilling human and environmental sustainability (Dubey et al., 2021). Hence, agro-ecosystem resilience, including tropical agro-ecosystems, has become a key priority in many international agendas (Andres & Bhullar, 2016; Dubey et al., 2021). For example, the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development and the Paris Agreement promote sustainable agricultural practices which minimise environmental damages while maximising agricultural output for communities. To provide sustainable agricultural solutions, many initiatives have been introduced by governments and other local and international stakeholders. For example, sustainable agro-ecosystem practices have been implemented as a measure of building resilience through agriculture (Folke et al., 2010). Thus, BRITAE, a project funded by the European Commission, aims to build resilience in tropical agro-ecosystems by building higher education institutions' capacities. At the initial stage of the project, a systematic literature review was conducted to emphasise the importance of agro-ecosystems resilience and explore the importance of tropical agro-ecosystems in building resilience Accordingly, the following section describes the methods and the materials adopted in the study.
Period10 Dec 2021
Event titleInternational Conference on Geography and Global Sustainability
Event typeConference
LocationColombo, Sri Lanka
Degree of RecognitionInternational