Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) is a neurobiological disorder associated with symptoms of persistent inattention, hyperactivity and impulsivity which can have an influence on personal, academic, familial and societal functioning (ADHD Institute, 2016). Believed to be the most common behavioural disorder in the UK (National Health Service, 2014), it is thought that ADHD currently affects 3.62 per cent of boys and 0.85 per cent of girls aged between 5-15 years (The UK ADHD Partnership, 2013). Therefore, boys are nearly four times more likely to have ADHD than girls, demonstrating a greater need to focus on boys within the school physical education (PE) environment. McCarthy et al. (2012) stated that the annual prevalence of 6-12 year old boys who were pharmacologically treated for ADHD increased from 8.15 (per 1,000) in 2003 to 15.32 (per 1,000) in 2008. Further evidence by Holden et al. (2013) noted an increase in diagnosis for ADHD in 6-17 year old children from 192 to 506 per 100,000 between 1998 and 2007.
A Guide for Teaching Assistants who work with Pupils who have ADHD