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Personal profile


Erica began working at the University of Huddersfield in 2014, and is currently a Reader in Forensic Speech Science. Erica completed a BA in Linguistics at the University of California San Diego. She then came to the UK to pursue her interests in Forensic Speech Science, and completed an MSc and PhD at the University of York in Forensic Speech Science. Her PhD was supported by a Marie Curie Early Stage Research Fellowship with the Bayesian Biometrics for Forensics Training Network (under the FP7 Framework). Erica’s PhD was supervised by Professor Peter French, one of the world’s leading experts in Forensic Phonetics, and looked at the calculation of likelihood ratios in forensic speaker comparisons using phonetic and linguistic parameters.

Erica has published and presented internationally, she has been invited to speak to government bodies about her work (Brazil, Netherlands, and the UK), and her research has also been cited in court cases in the USA, UK, and Australia.

Research Expertise and Interests

  • Forensic speech science and forensic phonetics
  • Phonetics
  • Phonology
  • Sociolinguistics
  • Sociophonetics
  • Forensic speaker comparison

Education/Academic qualification

PhD, University of York

Master, University of York

Bachelor, University of California, San Diego


  • Forensic Speech Science
  • Forensic Phonetics
  • Forensic Speaker Comparison
  • Phonetics
  • Sociophonetics
  • Acoustics
  • Bayesian Statistics
  • Likelihood Ratios
  • Methodologies for Analyzing and Presenting Evidence
  • Sociolinguistics

Fingerprint Fingerprint is based on mining the text of the person's scientific documents to create an index of weighted terms, which defines the key subjects of each individual researcher.

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Network Recent external collaboration on country level. Dive into details by clicking on the dots.

Projects 2016 2019

Research Output 2011 2018

  • 7 Article
  • 4 Conference contribution
  • 2 Chapter
  • 1 Review article

Articulation rate as a speaker discriminant in British English

Gold, E., 2 Sep 2018, Interspeech 2018. p. 1828-1832 5 p.

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Open Access
Speech analysis

The ‘West Yorkshire Regional English Database’: Investigations into the generalizability of reference populations for forensic speaker comparison casework

Gold, E., Ross, S. & Earnshaw, K., 2 Sep 2018, Proceedings of Interspeech 2018: September 2-6 2018, Hyderabad. p. 2748-2752

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

Open Access

Variation in the FACE vowel across West Yorkshire: Implications for forensic speaker comparisons

Earnshaw, K. & Gold, E., 2 Sep 2018, Interspeech 2018. p. 2743-2747 5 p.

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Open Access
regional analysis
language change
macro level
regional difference

What the fuc*? Using acoustic and pragmatic methods to determine the meaning of expletives in a scene from The Wire

Gold, E. & McIntyre, D., 20 Apr 2018, (Accepted/In press) Pragmatics and Literature. Chapman, S. & Clark, B. (eds.). Amsterdam: John Benjamins Publishing Company

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

Theory of Meaning

Speaker Identification Using Laughter in a Close Social Network

Land, E. & Gold, E., 15 Dec 2017, In : International Journal of Speech, Language and the Law. 24, 2, p. 201-225 25 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

social network