2+2=5: painting by numbers

Colin C. Venters, Richard J. Hartley, William T. Hewitt

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contributionpeer-review


Is query by visual example an intuitive method for visual query formulation or merely a prototype framework for visual information retrieval research that cannot support the rich variety of visual search strategies required for effective image retrieval? This paper reports the results of an investigation that aimed to explore the usability of the query by paint method in supporting a range of information problems. While the results show that there was no significant difference, p>0.001, on all four measures of usability, query by paint was considered by this sample not to support visual query expression. It was also observed that the usability of the query method combined with the mental model of the information problem affected both visual query expression and retrieval results. This has important implications for the efficacy and utility of content-based image retrieval as a whole and there is an increasing need to examine the usefulness of query methods and retrieval features in context.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationMultimedia Content Analysis, Management, and Retrieval 2006
EditorsEdward Y. Chang, Alan Hanjalic, Nicu Sebe
Number of pages12
ISBN (Print)081946113X, 9780819461131
Publication statusPublished - 16 Jan 2006
Externally publishedYes
EventElectronic Imaging 2006 - San Jose, United States
Duration: 15 Jan 200619 Jan 2006

Publication series

NameProceedings of SPIE - The International Society for Optical Engineering
ISSN (Print)0277-786X
ISSN (Electronic)1996-756X


ConferenceElectronic Imaging 2006
Country/TerritoryUnited States
CitySan Jose


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