Composite materials have gained increasingly wide use in many sectors such as aerospace and wind turbine systems, due to inherent physical and structural qualities that are not readily achievable with traditional materials. Inspecting material integrity is mandatory for safety and effective performance and ultrasonic testing has been recognised as an effective non-destructive technique for detecting internal defects in many different materials, including composites. The InnovateUK funded AutoDISC project is investigating automated ultrasonic inspection of aerospace composites with enhanced defect detection, aided by gantry-deployed robotic tools. This paper presents details of the robotic sensors and associated signal and image data processing of aerospace structures such as aircraft wings and fuselages. A robust robotic system has been developed to accurately deploy sensors that are able to react to a structure's varying surface height and curvature. The autonomy of the scanning system is being explored to allow specific features identified as important to be followed in the inspection process. A curved glass fibre reinforced polymer (GFRP) sample with simulated defects is inspected by the automated system. Analysis of experimental results shows that the simulated defects can be identified with a proper combination of techniques, including local gating, Gaussian low-pass filter, thresholding and morphological filter. On this basis, an interactive graphical user interface (GUI) is designed to aid analysis of the large three-dimensional data set and to determine processing parameters, such as gating window, threshold method and filter parameters, for subsequent automated defect recognition.
|Title of host publication||1st World Congress on Condition Monitoring (WCCM 2017)|
|Publisher||British Institute of Non-Destructive Testing|
|Number of pages||12|
|Publication status||Published - 1 Oct 2017|
|Event||1st World Congress on Condition Monitoring - ILEC Conference Centre, London, United Kingdom|
Duration: 13 Jun 2017 → 16 Jun 2017
http://www.bindt.org/events/PastEvents/WCCM-2017/ (Link to Conference Website)
|Conference||1st World Congress on Condition Monitoring|
|Abbreviated title||WCCM 2017|
|Period||13/06/17 → 16/06/17|
Feng, G., Sun, J., Chong, A. Y. B., Kanfoud, J., Gan, T. H., Kimball, M., ... Virk, G. S. (2017). A case study of image data processing in automated ultrasonic testing based aerospace composites inspection. In 1st World Congress on Condition Monitoring (WCCM 2017) (Vol. 1, pp. 1095-1106). British Institute of Non-Destructive Testing.