A comparative study of gravitational acceleration cancellation from on-rotor MEMS accelerometers for condition monitoring

Zainab Mones, Guojin Feng, Xiaoli Tang, Usama Haba, Fengshou Gu, Andrew Ball

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

There have recently been significant enhancements in Micro-Electro-Mechanical Systems (MEMS) technologies, which have provided an easier and cheaper means of condition monitoring for rotating machines by installing MEMS accelerometers directly onto rotors. One critical issue in using on-rotor MEMS accelerometers is extracting the real tangential acceleration from accelerometer outputs which also contain gravitational acceleration. This paper studies and compares two different methods that can be used to eliminate the gravitational acceleration so as to characterise the rotor dynamics precisely. In the first method, the pure tangential acceleration is reconstructed by combining two orthogonal outputs of a single MEMS accelerometer attached to the rotating part. The second method uses two MEMS accelerometers mounted diametrically opposite each other on the reciprocating compressor flywheel, allowing the gravitational acceleration signal to be cancelled by summing the acceleration signals from both sensors. Based on analytical and experimental results, gravitational acceleration can be successfully eliminated by both methods, and the calculated tangential acceleration signal can effectively reflect the running status of a reciprocating compressor subject to the leakage fault.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationProceedings of the 24th International Congress on Sound and Vibration, ICSV 2017
EditorsBarry Gibbs
PublisherInternational Institute of Acoustics and Vibration, IIAV
ISBN (Electronic)9781906913274
Publication statusPublished - 2017
Event24th International Congress on Sound and Vibration - Park Plaza Westminster Bridge Hotel, London, United Kingdom
Duration: 23 Jul 201727 Jul 2017
Conference number: 24
http://www.icsv24.org/ (Link to Congress Website)

Publication series

Name
ISSN (Electronic)2329-3675

Conference

Conference24th International Congress on Sound and Vibration
Abbreviated titleICSV24
CountryUnited Kingdom
CityLondon
Period23/07/1727/07/17
Internet address

Fingerprint

accelerometers
cancellation
rotors
compressors
rotor dynamics
flywheels
output
installing
leakage
augmentation
sensors

Cite this

Mones, Z., Feng, G., Tang, X., Haba, U., Gu, F., & Ball, A. (2017). A comparative study of gravitational acceleration cancellation from on-rotor MEMS accelerometers for condition monitoring. In B. Gibbs (Ed.), Proceedings of the 24th International Congress on Sound and Vibration, ICSV 2017 International Institute of Acoustics and Vibration, IIAV.
Mones, Zainab ; Feng, Guojin ; Tang, Xiaoli ; Haba, Usama ; Gu, Fengshou ; Ball, Andrew. / A comparative study of gravitational acceleration cancellation from on-rotor MEMS accelerometers for condition monitoring. Proceedings of the 24th International Congress on Sound and Vibration, ICSV 2017. editor / Barry Gibbs. International Institute of Acoustics and Vibration, IIAV, 2017.
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abstract = "There have recently been significant enhancements in Micro-Electro-Mechanical Systems (MEMS) technologies, which have provided an easier and cheaper means of condition monitoring for rotating machines by installing MEMS accelerometers directly onto rotors. One critical issue in using on-rotor MEMS accelerometers is extracting the real tangential acceleration from accelerometer outputs which also contain gravitational acceleration. This paper studies and compares two different methods that can be used to eliminate the gravitational acceleration so as to characterise the rotor dynamics precisely. In the first method, the pure tangential acceleration is reconstructed by combining two orthogonal outputs of a single MEMS accelerometer attached to the rotating part. The second method uses two MEMS accelerometers mounted diametrically opposite each other on the reciprocating compressor flywheel, allowing the gravitational acceleration signal to be cancelled by summing the acceleration signals from both sensors. Based on analytical and experimental results, gravitational acceleration can be successfully eliminated by both methods, and the calculated tangential acceleration signal can effectively reflect the running status of a reciprocating compressor subject to the leakage fault.",
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Mones, Z, Feng, G, Tang, X, Haba, U, Gu, F & Ball, A 2017, A comparative study of gravitational acceleration cancellation from on-rotor MEMS accelerometers for condition monitoring. in B Gibbs (ed.), Proceedings of the 24th International Congress on Sound and Vibration, ICSV 2017. International Institute of Acoustics and Vibration, IIAV, 24th International Congress on Sound and Vibration, London, United Kingdom, 23/07/17.

A comparative study of gravitational acceleration cancellation from on-rotor MEMS accelerometers for condition monitoring. / Mones, Zainab; Feng, Guojin; Tang, Xiaoli; Haba, Usama; Gu, Fengshou; Ball, Andrew.

Proceedings of the 24th International Congress on Sound and Vibration, ICSV 2017. ed. / Barry Gibbs. International Institute of Acoustics and Vibration, IIAV, 2017.

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

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AU - Mones, Zainab

AU - Feng, Guojin

AU - Tang, Xiaoli

AU - Haba, Usama

AU - Gu, Fengshou

AU - Ball, Andrew

PY - 2017

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N2 - There have recently been significant enhancements in Micro-Electro-Mechanical Systems (MEMS) technologies, which have provided an easier and cheaper means of condition monitoring for rotating machines by installing MEMS accelerometers directly onto rotors. One critical issue in using on-rotor MEMS accelerometers is extracting the real tangential acceleration from accelerometer outputs which also contain gravitational acceleration. This paper studies and compares two different methods that can be used to eliminate the gravitational acceleration so as to characterise the rotor dynamics precisely. In the first method, the pure tangential acceleration is reconstructed by combining two orthogonal outputs of a single MEMS accelerometer attached to the rotating part. The second method uses two MEMS accelerometers mounted diametrically opposite each other on the reciprocating compressor flywheel, allowing the gravitational acceleration signal to be cancelled by summing the acceleration signals from both sensors. Based on analytical and experimental results, gravitational acceleration can be successfully eliminated by both methods, and the calculated tangential acceleration signal can effectively reflect the running status of a reciprocating compressor subject to the leakage fault.

AB - There have recently been significant enhancements in Micro-Electro-Mechanical Systems (MEMS) technologies, which have provided an easier and cheaper means of condition monitoring for rotating machines by installing MEMS accelerometers directly onto rotors. One critical issue in using on-rotor MEMS accelerometers is extracting the real tangential acceleration from accelerometer outputs which also contain gravitational acceleration. This paper studies and compares two different methods that can be used to eliminate the gravitational acceleration so as to characterise the rotor dynamics precisely. In the first method, the pure tangential acceleration is reconstructed by combining two orthogonal outputs of a single MEMS accelerometer attached to the rotating part. The second method uses two MEMS accelerometers mounted diametrically opposite each other on the reciprocating compressor flywheel, allowing the gravitational acceleration signal to be cancelled by summing the acceleration signals from both sensors. Based on analytical and experimental results, gravitational acceleration can be successfully eliminated by both methods, and the calculated tangential acceleration signal can effectively reflect the running status of a reciprocating compressor subject to the leakage fault.

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Mones Z, Feng G, Tang X, Haba U, Gu F, Ball A. A comparative study of gravitational acceleration cancellation from on-rotor MEMS accelerometers for condition monitoring. In Gibbs B, editor, Proceedings of the 24th International Congress on Sound and Vibration, ICSV 2017. International Institute of Acoustics and Vibration, IIAV. 2017