A drill-hole calibrated geophysical characterisation of the 23 Ma Foulden Maar stratigraphic sequence, Otago, New Zealand

Daniel A. Jones, Gary S. Wilson, Andrew R. Gorman, Bethany R.S. Fox, Daphne E. Lee, Uwe Kaulfuss

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

The Foulden Maar is a terrestrial monogenetic volcanic crater found within the latest Oligocene–Late Miocene Waipiata Volcanic Field on the South Island of New Zealand. A geophysical characterisation of the Foulden Maar has been calibrated by acquiring a continuous 184 m drill core through the feature, which includes well preserved crater-lake sediments. Interpretations of gravity profiles, airborne and land-based magnetic data, and seismic reflection surveys reveal the geometry, density distribution and stratigraphy of the volcanic feature that formed on and in the schist basement of Central Otago. Six significant horizons are identified within a synthetic seismogram that ties core logs to the geophysical data. The investigation confirms a classic maar and diatreme structure consisting of a 1–1.5 km wide, c. 300 m deep crater overlying a thin vertical diatreme structure.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)465-477
Number of pages13
JournalNew Zealand Journal of Geology and Geophysics
Volume60
Issue number4
Early online date10 Sep 2017
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Oct 2017
Externally publishedYes

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maar
New Zealand
craters
volcanology
diatreme
crater
volcanic feature
crater lake
schist
synthetic seismogram
stratigraphy
seismograms
basements
lakes
seismic reflection
horizon
lacustrine deposit
density distribution
sediments
Miocene

Cite this

Jones, Daniel A. ; Wilson, Gary S. ; Gorman, Andrew R. ; Fox, Bethany R.S. ; Lee, Daphne E. ; Kaulfuss, Uwe. / A drill-hole calibrated geophysical characterisation of the 23 Ma Foulden Maar stratigraphic sequence, Otago, New Zealand. In: New Zealand Journal of Geology and Geophysics. 2017 ; Vol. 60, No. 4. pp. 465-477.
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A drill-hole calibrated geophysical characterisation of the 23 Ma Foulden Maar stratigraphic sequence, Otago, New Zealand. / Jones, Daniel A.; Wilson, Gary S.; Gorman, Andrew R.; Fox, Bethany R.S.; Lee, Daphne E.; Kaulfuss, Uwe.

In: New Zealand Journal of Geology and Geophysics, Vol. 60, No. 4, 01.10.2017, p. 465-477.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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