A fuzzy linear programming model with fuzzy parameters and decision variables

Saber Saati, Madjid Tavana, Adel Hatami-Marbini, Elham Hajiakhondi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

21 Citations (Scopus)


Linear programming (LP) is an optimisation technique most widely used for optimal allocation of limited resources amongst competing activities. Precise data are fundamentally indispensable in standard LP problems. However, the observed values of the data in real-world problems are often imprecise or vague. Fuzzy set theory has been extensively used to represent ambiguous, uncertain or imprecise data in LP by formalising the inaccuracies inherent in human decision-making. We propose a new method for solving fuzzy LP (FLP) problems in which the right-hand side parameters and the decision variables are represented by fuzzy numbers. A new fuzzy ranking model and a new supplementary variable are utilised in the proposed FLP method to obtain the fuzzy and crisp optimal solutions by solving one LP model. Moreover, we introduce an alternative model with deterministic variables and parameters derived from the proposed FLP model. Interestingly, the result of the alternative model is identical to the crisp solution of the proposed FLP model. We use a numerical example from the FLP literature for comparison purposes and to demonstrate the applicability of the proposed method and exhibit the efficacy of the procedure.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)312-333
Number of pages22
JournalInternational Journal of Information and Decision Sciences
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 1 Oct 2015
Externally publishedYes


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