A historical overview of personal development groups

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapterpeer-review


Personal development (PD) groups have an interesting history and have survived as a method of increasing self-awareness on counsellor training courses for a long time. In this chapter Carole Smith looks at the historical background to these including ‘encounter groups’ and ‘T groups’, which were introduced as a form of experiential group therapy. The links between group therapy and usage in training are shown here. The chapter briefly defines what a group is and discusses the need for self-awareness in counselling training. It explains how PD groups in counselling training have developed over time and there is some exploration of early works on group dynamics. The final section looks at PD groups now.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationPersonal Development Groups for Trainee Counsellors
Subtitle of host publicationAn Essential Companion
EditorsJayne Godward, Heather Dale, Carole Smith
Place of PublicationLondon
Number of pages8
ISBN (Electronic)9781351066136, 9781351066143
ISBN (Print)9781138479265, 9781138479289
Publication statusPublished - 8 Oct 2019


Dive into the research topics of 'A historical overview of personal development groups'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this