A Model of Client-Related Violence Against Female Street Sex Workers

Donna Youngs, Maria Ioannou

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Although a plethora of studies provide evidence of the extent and severity of violence that street sex workers experience from clients, there is little consensus across the explanations that have been advanced to account for this. To explore this, the present study examines in detail the nature of the attacks suffered by 65 female street sex workers. A Multidimensional Scaling analysis (Smallest Space Analysis [SSA-I]) of 17 violent behaviors derived from a content analysis of interviews with street sex workers drew attention to 3 distinct forms of attack. These could be interpreted in terms of Canter's (1994 Canter , D. ( 1994 ). Criminal shadows . London , UK : Harper Collins .
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) Victim Role models that have been the basis for differentiating offending styles in other violent interpersonal offences. The 3 Victim as Object, Victim as Vehicle, and Victim as Person modes identified are consistent with different theoretical explanations for the attacks, providing a framework for integrating the diverse etiological perspectives on violence against street sex workers.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)244-260
JournalJournal of Forensic Social Work
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 7 Dec 2013


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