A multidimensional scalogram analysis of UK acid attacks: exploring the differences and similarities in offending characteristics

Chloe Mann, Dara Mojtahedi, Chelsea Leadley

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Purpose
This study aims to determine whether cases of acid attacks within the UK could be differentiated based on the offence characteristics and motivations.

Design/methodology/approach
The study used a multi-dimensional scalogram analysis (MSA) to examine the similarities and differences between the behaviours that were acted out during the 30 cases.

Findings
Results found a clear division amongst acid attack offenders through multiple variables, mainly pertaining to whether the attack was predicated and the motivation. This was found to be comparable with instrumental and expressive actions.

Practical implications
The findings have potential to contribute to psychological theory to categorise and define acid attack offences. This would also greatly assist in suspect prioritisation and other aspects of police investigations.

Originality/value
Reports of acid attacks within the UK are rising. The motivations behind these offences are predominantly related to gang violence and acts of revenge. However, the current literature around acid attacks has largely focussed on the victim perspective, with little research around offenders and their actions.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)73-87
Number of pages15
JournalSafer Communities
Volume19
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 8 Jun 2020

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