A new method to texture dense Mn +1AXn ceramics by spark plasma deformation

T. Lapauw, K. Vanmeensel, K. Lambrinou, J. Vleugels

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

50 Citations (Scopus)


This work explored a new method to texture Mn +1AXn phases by deforming discs of dense ceramics Maxthal 211® (nominally Ti2AlC) and Maxthal 312® (nominally Ti3SiC2) in a spark plasma facility. The disc diameter increased by 40% without crack formation. After deformation, the MAX grains exhibited clear preferential crystallographic orientation, whereby the c-axis was aligned to the compression direction. The fracture toughness increased both parallel and perpendicular to the textured top surface compared with the as-sintered materials. The onset of plastic deformation was observed near the brittle-to-plastic transformation temperature, a fact that could be associated with the change in elastic response.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)98-101
Number of pages4
JournalScripta Materialia
Early online date28 Aug 2015
Publication statusPublished - 15 Jan 2016
Externally publishedYes


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