A novel non-crimped thermoplastic fabric prepreg from waste carbon and polyester fibres

M. H. Akonda, H. M. El-Dessouky, C. A. Lawrence, B. M. Weager

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

11 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

A biaxial non-crimped fabric, 400 ± 10 g/m2, +45 /-45 lay-up protocol, was made from a unidirectional tape comprised of a 60/40 wt% carded blend of virgin waste carbon fibres, 60 mm chopped length, and polyester resin fibres, 60 mm staple length. The non-crimped fabric was used as a thermoplastic prepreg to produce laminated composite panels. The prepreg exhibited a high degree of drapeability. The physical and mechanical properties of composite samples were determined; the density, void contents, tensile and flexural strengths and moduli were found to be 1.5 g/cm3, 10%, 180.7 MPa, 260.5 MPa, 34.2 GPa and 30.4 GPa, respectively. Modification of the consolidation process and the use of finer polyester fibres should decrease the void content. It was concluded that waste carbon fibres can be converted into flexible/drapeable dry prepreg materials, potentially useful for the manufacturing of thermoplastic composite products by hot press compaction.

LanguageEnglish
Pages843-851
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Composite Materials
Volume48
Issue number7
Early online date21 Mar 2013
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Mar 2014
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Polyesters
Thermoplastics
Carbon fibers
Carbon
Polyester resins
Fibers
Composite materials
Laminated composites
Bending strength
Consolidation
Tapes
Compaction
Tensile strength
Physical properties
Mechanical properties
carbon fiber

Cite this

Akonda, M. H. ; El-Dessouky, H. M. ; Lawrence, C. A. ; Weager, B. M. / A novel non-crimped thermoplastic fabric prepreg from waste carbon and polyester fibres. In: Journal of Composite Materials. 2014 ; Vol. 48, No. 7. pp. 843-851.
@article{11414e674cf34f6c9e469316856ffecf,
title = "A novel non-crimped thermoplastic fabric prepreg from waste carbon and polyester fibres",
abstract = "A biaxial non-crimped fabric, 400 ± 10 g/m2, +45 /-45 lay-up protocol, was made from a unidirectional tape comprised of a 60/40 wt{\%} carded blend of virgin waste carbon fibres, 60 mm chopped length, and polyester resin fibres, 60 mm staple length. The non-crimped fabric was used as a thermoplastic prepreg to produce laminated composite panels. The prepreg exhibited a high degree of drapeability. The physical and mechanical properties of composite samples were determined; the density, void contents, tensile and flexural strengths and moduli were found to be 1.5 g/cm3, 10{\%}, 180.7 MPa, 260.5 MPa, 34.2 GPa and 30.4 GPa, respectively. Modification of the consolidation process and the use of finer polyester fibres should decrease the void content. It was concluded that waste carbon fibres can be converted into flexible/drapeable dry prepreg materials, potentially useful for the manufacturing of thermoplastic composite products by hot press compaction.",
keywords = "carbon fibres, mechanical testing, non-crimped fabric, recycling, thermoplastic composite",
author = "Akonda, {M. H.} and El-Dessouky, {H. M.} and Lawrence, {C. A.} and Weager, {B. M.}",
year = "2014",
month = "3",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1177/0021998313478992",
language = "English",
volume = "48",
pages = "843--851",
journal = "Journal of Composite Materials",
issn = "0021-9983",
publisher = "SAGE Publications Ltd",
number = "7",

}

A novel non-crimped thermoplastic fabric prepreg from waste carbon and polyester fibres. / Akonda, M. H.; El-Dessouky, H. M.; Lawrence, C. A.; Weager, B. M.

In: Journal of Composite Materials, Vol. 48, No. 7, 01.03.2014, p. 843-851.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

TY - JOUR

T1 - A novel non-crimped thermoplastic fabric prepreg from waste carbon and polyester fibres

AU - Akonda, M. H.

AU - El-Dessouky, H. M.

AU - Lawrence, C. A.

AU - Weager, B. M.

PY - 2014/3/1

Y1 - 2014/3/1

N2 - A biaxial non-crimped fabric, 400 ± 10 g/m2, +45 /-45 lay-up protocol, was made from a unidirectional tape comprised of a 60/40 wt% carded blend of virgin waste carbon fibres, 60 mm chopped length, and polyester resin fibres, 60 mm staple length. The non-crimped fabric was used as a thermoplastic prepreg to produce laminated composite panels. The prepreg exhibited a high degree of drapeability. The physical and mechanical properties of composite samples were determined; the density, void contents, tensile and flexural strengths and moduli were found to be 1.5 g/cm3, 10%, 180.7 MPa, 260.5 MPa, 34.2 GPa and 30.4 GPa, respectively. Modification of the consolidation process and the use of finer polyester fibres should decrease the void content. It was concluded that waste carbon fibres can be converted into flexible/drapeable dry prepreg materials, potentially useful for the manufacturing of thermoplastic composite products by hot press compaction.

AB - A biaxial non-crimped fabric, 400 ± 10 g/m2, +45 /-45 lay-up protocol, was made from a unidirectional tape comprised of a 60/40 wt% carded blend of virgin waste carbon fibres, 60 mm chopped length, and polyester resin fibres, 60 mm staple length. The non-crimped fabric was used as a thermoplastic prepreg to produce laminated composite panels. The prepreg exhibited a high degree of drapeability. The physical and mechanical properties of composite samples were determined; the density, void contents, tensile and flexural strengths and moduli were found to be 1.5 g/cm3, 10%, 180.7 MPa, 260.5 MPa, 34.2 GPa and 30.4 GPa, respectively. Modification of the consolidation process and the use of finer polyester fibres should decrease the void content. It was concluded that waste carbon fibres can be converted into flexible/drapeable dry prepreg materials, potentially useful for the manufacturing of thermoplastic composite products by hot press compaction.

KW - carbon fibres

KW - mechanical testing

KW - non-crimped fabric

KW - recycling

KW - thermoplastic composite

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=84896383798&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1177/0021998313478992

DO - 10.1177/0021998313478992

M3 - Article

VL - 48

SP - 843

EP - 851

JO - Journal of Composite Materials

T2 - Journal of Composite Materials

JF - Journal of Composite Materials

SN - 0021-9983

IS - 7

ER -