A novel one step synthesis of graphene via sonochemical-assisted solvent exfoliation approach for electrochemical sensing application

Joanna Su Yuin Chia, Michelle T.T. Tan, Poi Sim Khiew, Jit Kai Chin, Hingwah Lee, D. C.S. Bien, Chiu Wee Siong

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

56 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

•Novel, green and one-step facile exfoliation approach in ethanol/water mixture.•Comprehensive parametric study yielding optimised synthesis parameters.•Biosensing application of produced graphene shown through electrochemical analysis.•Cyclic voltammetry and amperometric study of graphene towards hydrogen peroxide.•As produced graphene is up to 22 times more sensitive compared to control specimen. Graphene, an extraordinary two-dimensional carbon nanostructure, has attracted global attention due to its remarkable electronic, mechanical and chemical properties. This work reports a novel one-step green and versatile route to produce up to 1mg/mL of graphene by facile exfoliation of raw graphite in ethanol-water mixtures. This approach is viable due to the predictions of material solubility by exploiting the Hansen Solubility Parameters. The effective surface area of the graphene was estimated to be about 1000m2/g while Atomic Force Microscopy (AFM) analysis was adopted to evaluate the surface characteristics of the samples, whereby the graphene sheets were found to have an average thickness of below 2nm. The electrochemical characteristic of the graphene was investigated by cyclic voltammetry tests and amperometric detections of hydrogen peroxide (H2O2), a by-product of most oxidase based enzymatic reactions. The graphene was deposited onto the surface of screen printed carbon electrodes (SPCEs) and the modified electrode was found to demonstrate enhanced electro-catalytic response of more than two-fold compared to unmodified electrodes, while the detection of H2O2 showed excellent stability with a 22 times improvement in sensitivity by optimising the number of deposition layers on the electrode surface.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)270-278
Number of pages9
JournalChemical Engineering Journal
Volume249
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Aug 2014
Externally publishedYes

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