A prospective study of psychosocial risk factors and absence due to musculoskeletal disorders - Implications for occupational screening

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

18 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Objectives: There is considerable evidence documenting the association between psychosocial risk factors and work disability due to musculoskeletal disorders, and this has prompted suggestions that psychosocial screening should be administered in the workplace in order to identify individuals at risk of prolonged absence. However, the predictive value of psychosocial risk factors on return-to-work is largely unknown. The present study aimed to explore the predictive relationship between psychosocial risk factors and absence due to musculoskeletal disorders of the lower back and upper limbs. Methods: A prospective study of 4637 workers from a large, multi-site company in the UK was conducted in which a wide range of established questionnaires were used to collect baseline psychosocial data. Respondents were then followed over the ensuing 15 months, and absence due to musculoskeletal disorders was recorded. Results: 219 workers took absence due to musculoskeletal disorders. Detrimental cut-off scores (risks) on the psychosocial instruments were established, and it was found that work-related psychosocial risk factors predicted the likelihood of a future spell of absence (odds ratios ranging between 1.6 and 3.2), but not the duration of that absence. Conclusions: Although work-related psychosocial factors were a ssociated with the occurrence of absence due to musculoskeletal disorders, these findings do not lend support to the use of routine occupational psychosocial screening in order to predict prolonged absence.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)375-379
Number of pages5
JournalOccupational Medicine
Volume55
Issue number5
Early online date12 Apr 2005
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Aug 2005

Fingerprint

Prospective Studies
Psychology
Return to Work
Upper Extremity
Workplace
Odds Ratio
Surveys and Questionnaires

Cite this

@article{91991edfa33842538458d885e172133e,
title = "A prospective study of psychosocial risk factors and absence due to musculoskeletal disorders - Implications for occupational screening",
abstract = "Objectives: There is considerable evidence documenting the association between psychosocial risk factors and work disability due to musculoskeletal disorders, and this has prompted suggestions that psychosocial screening should be administered in the workplace in order to identify individuals at risk of prolonged absence. However, the predictive value of psychosocial risk factors on return-to-work is largely unknown. The present study aimed to explore the predictive relationship between psychosocial risk factors and absence due to musculoskeletal disorders of the lower back and upper limbs. Methods: A prospective study of 4637 workers from a large, multi-site company in the UK was conducted in which a wide range of established questionnaires were used to collect baseline psychosocial data. Respondents were then followed over the ensuing 15 months, and absence due to musculoskeletal disorders was recorded. Results: 219 workers took absence due to musculoskeletal disorders. Detrimental cut-off scores (risks) on the psychosocial instruments were established, and it was found that work-related psychosocial risk factors predicted the likelihood of a future spell of absence (odds ratios ranging between 1.6 and 3.2), but not the duration of that absence. Conclusions: Although work-related psychosocial factors were a ssociated with the occurrence of absence due to musculoskeletal disorders, these findings do not lend support to the use of routine occupational psychosocial screening in order to predict prolonged absence.",
keywords = "Low back pain, Musculoskeletal, Psychosocial, Screening, Sickness absence, Upper limb disorder",
author = "Serena Bartys and Kim Burton and Chris Main",
year = "2005",
month = "8",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1093/occmed/kqi052",
language = "English",
volume = "55",
pages = "375--379",
journal = "Occupational Medicine",
issn = "0962-7480",
publisher = "Oxford University Press",
number = "5",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - A prospective study of psychosocial risk factors and absence due to musculoskeletal disorders - Implications for occupational screening

AU - Bartys, Serena

AU - Burton, Kim

AU - Main, Chris

PY - 2005/8/1

Y1 - 2005/8/1

N2 - Objectives: There is considerable evidence documenting the association between psychosocial risk factors and work disability due to musculoskeletal disorders, and this has prompted suggestions that psychosocial screening should be administered in the workplace in order to identify individuals at risk of prolonged absence. However, the predictive value of psychosocial risk factors on return-to-work is largely unknown. The present study aimed to explore the predictive relationship between psychosocial risk factors and absence due to musculoskeletal disorders of the lower back and upper limbs. Methods: A prospective study of 4637 workers from a large, multi-site company in the UK was conducted in which a wide range of established questionnaires were used to collect baseline psychosocial data. Respondents were then followed over the ensuing 15 months, and absence due to musculoskeletal disorders was recorded. Results: 219 workers took absence due to musculoskeletal disorders. Detrimental cut-off scores (risks) on the psychosocial instruments were established, and it was found that work-related psychosocial risk factors predicted the likelihood of a future spell of absence (odds ratios ranging between 1.6 and 3.2), but not the duration of that absence. Conclusions: Although work-related psychosocial factors were a ssociated with the occurrence of absence due to musculoskeletal disorders, these findings do not lend support to the use of routine occupational psychosocial screening in order to predict prolonged absence.

AB - Objectives: There is considerable evidence documenting the association between psychosocial risk factors and work disability due to musculoskeletal disorders, and this has prompted suggestions that psychosocial screening should be administered in the workplace in order to identify individuals at risk of prolonged absence. However, the predictive value of psychosocial risk factors on return-to-work is largely unknown. The present study aimed to explore the predictive relationship between psychosocial risk factors and absence due to musculoskeletal disorders of the lower back and upper limbs. Methods: A prospective study of 4637 workers from a large, multi-site company in the UK was conducted in which a wide range of established questionnaires were used to collect baseline psychosocial data. Respondents were then followed over the ensuing 15 months, and absence due to musculoskeletal disorders was recorded. Results: 219 workers took absence due to musculoskeletal disorders. Detrimental cut-off scores (risks) on the psychosocial instruments were established, and it was found that work-related psychosocial risk factors predicted the likelihood of a future spell of absence (odds ratios ranging between 1.6 and 3.2), but not the duration of that absence. Conclusions: Although work-related psychosocial factors were a ssociated with the occurrence of absence due to musculoskeletal disorders, these findings do not lend support to the use of routine occupational psychosocial screening in order to predict prolonged absence.

KW - Low back pain

KW - Musculoskeletal

KW - Psychosocial

KW - Screening

KW - Sickness absence

KW - Upper limb disorder

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=23844438058&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1093/occmed/kqi052

DO - 10.1093/occmed/kqi052

M3 - Article

VL - 55

SP - 375

EP - 379

JO - Occupational Medicine

JF - Occupational Medicine

SN - 0962-7480

IS - 5

ER -