A qualitative study exploring perceptions of policymakers about community pharmacy practice and extended pharmacy services in Lahore, Pakistan

Furqan K. Hashmi, Mohamed Azmi Hassali, Fahad Saleem, Zaheer Ud Din Babar, Akram Ahmad, Muhammad Umair Khan

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

1 Citation (Scopus)


Background: Evidence-based policymaking is critical for improving the standards of pharmacy practice. Within this context, this study aimed to explore the perception of health policymakers (PMs) about the standards of community pharmacy practice in Lahore, Pakistan. Methodology: A qualitative approach was used to gain an in-depth knowledge of PMs about the community pharmacy practice and extended pharmacy services (EPS) in Lahore. Government officials belonging to the Drug Authority of Pakistan and involved in regulation and policymaking were targeted for the study. Seven respondents were interviewed through a validated semi-structured interview guide. All interviews were audio-taped, transcribed verbatim, and were then analysed for thematic content analysis. Results: Thematic content analysis yielded four major themes: (1) Lack of law enforcement; (2) Support for EPS; (3) Need for the change in the pharmacy system; (4) Barriers towards practice change. Although PMs encouraged the implementation of EPS, their understanding of the true concept of EPS was questionable. Several barriers towards practice change were identified by the PMs. Conclusion: Pharmacists' active involvement in community practice, enforcement of legislation and revisiting pharmacy curriculum could lay the foundations for the standardisation of community pharmacy practice in Lahore, Pakistan.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)71-73
Number of pages3
JournalJournal of Pharmaceutical Health Services Research
Issue number1
Early online date19 Jan 2018
Publication statusPublished - Mar 2018


Cite this