A Regional Analysis of the Role of Multi-Hazard Early Warnings For Coastal Community Resilience in Asia

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Abstract

Coastal hazards are one of effects of climate change across the world. The impact of climate change on coastal communities are further complicated with rising coastal population, migration to coastal areas, rapid increase of development activities in coastal areas along with weak coping capacities. Coastal communities, including Asia, face multiple coastal hazards: tsunami, coastal erosions, cyclones, flooding due to sea level rising and coastal pollution. Asia reports the highest number of coastal hazards during the last couple of decade compared to other regions. This is due to population growth, rapid urbanization and development activities, weak intuitions and weak coping strategies. Hence, leading global initiatives emphasize the role of multi-hazard early warning systems as a strategy to reduce coastal disaster risks and enhance their resilience. Nevertheless, most of available early warnings in Asia focus on single hazard. For example, Indian Ocean Tsunami Warnings and Mitigating System mainly focus on preparing for future tsunami threats in the Indian Ocean. Inadequacy of existing early warning systems to face multi hazards as well as transboundary nature of hazards and its effects promote member countries in Asia to call for a regional cooperation for multi-hazard early warning system. However, the region suffers from many challenges when building regional cooperation towards effective multi-hazard early warning system. Therefore, this paper aims to emphasize the importance of regional cooperation for effective multi-hazard early warning system and to explore the gaps in the existing system. In order to achieve the stated objectives, the study conducted a detailed literature review followed by a regional survey. Regional survey data were collected as an online survey and analysed qualitatively. The results revealed that regional cooperation helps in many ways to enhance resilience capacities among coastal communities in Asia. Nevertheless, existing regional cooperation does not deliver its expected level due to capacity gaps identified by the survey. Gaps are identified within capacity development, training and innovation in multi-hazard early warning system. This paper is a partial outcome of a project funded by the European Commission to enhance resilience capacities among coastal communities through development of regional cooperation on multi-hazard early warning system in Asia.
LanguageEnglish
Title of host publicationICSBE 2018
Subtitle of host publicationProceedings of the 9th International Conference on Sustainable Built Environment
Place of PublicationPeradeniya
PublisherSpringer Singapore
Pages62-70
Number of pages9
Volume1
ISBN (Electronic)9789555892667
Publication statusPublished - 2019
EventThe 9th International Conference on Sustainable Built Environment: Transforming Our Built Environment through Innovation and Integration - Earl's Regency Hotel, Kandy, Sri Lanka
Duration: 13 Dec 201816 Dec 2018
Conference number: 9

Conference

ConferenceThe 9th International Conference on Sustainable Built Environment
CountrySri Lanka
CityKandy
Period13/12/1816/12/18

Fingerprint

hazard
early warning system
tsunami
Asia
analysis
population migration
coping strategy
climate change
coastal erosion
European Commission
literature review
cyclone
co-operation
disaster
population growth
urbanization
innovation
flooding

Cite this

Hemachandra, K., Haigh, R., & Amaratunga, D. (2019). A Regional Analysis of the Role of Multi-Hazard Early Warnings For Coastal Community Resilience in Asia. In ICSBE 2018: Proceedings of the 9th International Conference on Sustainable Built Environment (Vol. 1, pp. 62-70). Peradeniya: Springer Singapore.
Hemachandra, Kinkini ; Haigh, Richard ; Amaratunga, Dilanthi. / A Regional Analysis of the Role of Multi-Hazard Early Warnings For Coastal Community Resilience in Asia. ICSBE 2018: Proceedings of the 9th International Conference on Sustainable Built Environment. Vol. 1 Peradeniya : Springer Singapore, 2019. pp. 62-70
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abstract = "Coastal hazards are one of effects of climate change across the world. The impact of climate change on coastal communities are further complicated with rising coastal population, migration to coastal areas, rapid increase of development activities in coastal areas along with weak coping capacities. Coastal communities, including Asia, face multiple coastal hazards: tsunami, coastal erosions, cyclones, flooding due to sea level rising and coastal pollution. Asia reports the highest number of coastal hazards during the last couple of decade compared to other regions. This is due to population growth, rapid urbanization and development activities, weak intuitions and weak coping strategies. Hence, leading global initiatives emphasize the role of multi-hazard early warning systems as a strategy to reduce coastal disaster risks and enhance their resilience. Nevertheless, most of available early warnings in Asia focus on single hazard. For example, Indian Ocean Tsunami Warnings and Mitigating System mainly focus on preparing for future tsunami threats in the Indian Ocean. Inadequacy of existing early warning systems to face multi hazards as well as transboundary nature of hazards and its effects promote member countries in Asia to call for a regional cooperation for multi-hazard early warning system. However, the region suffers from many challenges when building regional cooperation towards effective multi-hazard early warning system. Therefore, this paper aims to emphasize the importance of regional cooperation for effective multi-hazard early warning system and to explore the gaps in the existing system. In order to achieve the stated objectives, the study conducted a detailed literature review followed by a regional survey. Regional survey data were collected as an online survey and analysed qualitatively. The results revealed that regional cooperation helps in many ways to enhance resilience capacities among coastal communities in Asia. Nevertheless, existing regional cooperation does not deliver its expected level due to capacity gaps identified by the survey. Gaps are identified within capacity development, training and innovation in multi-hazard early warning system. This paper is a partial outcome of a project funded by the European Commission to enhance resilience capacities among coastal communities through development of regional cooperation on multi-hazard early warning system in Asia.",
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Hemachandra, K, Haigh, R & Amaratunga, D 2019, A Regional Analysis of the Role of Multi-Hazard Early Warnings For Coastal Community Resilience in Asia. in ICSBE 2018: Proceedings of the 9th International Conference on Sustainable Built Environment. vol. 1, Springer Singapore, Peradeniya, pp. 62-70, The 9th International Conference on Sustainable Built Environment, Kandy, Sri Lanka, 13/12/18.

A Regional Analysis of the Role of Multi-Hazard Early Warnings For Coastal Community Resilience in Asia. / Hemachandra, Kinkini; Haigh, Richard; Amaratunga, Dilanthi.

ICSBE 2018: Proceedings of the 9th International Conference on Sustainable Built Environment. Vol. 1 Peradeniya : Springer Singapore, 2019. p. 62-70.

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

TY - GEN

T1 - A Regional Analysis of the Role of Multi-Hazard Early Warnings For Coastal Community Resilience in Asia

AU - Hemachandra, Kinkini

AU - Haigh, Richard

AU - Amaratunga, Dilanthi

PY - 2019

Y1 - 2019

N2 - Coastal hazards are one of effects of climate change across the world. The impact of climate change on coastal communities are further complicated with rising coastal population, migration to coastal areas, rapid increase of development activities in coastal areas along with weak coping capacities. Coastal communities, including Asia, face multiple coastal hazards: tsunami, coastal erosions, cyclones, flooding due to sea level rising and coastal pollution. Asia reports the highest number of coastal hazards during the last couple of decade compared to other regions. This is due to population growth, rapid urbanization and development activities, weak intuitions and weak coping strategies. Hence, leading global initiatives emphasize the role of multi-hazard early warning systems as a strategy to reduce coastal disaster risks and enhance their resilience. Nevertheless, most of available early warnings in Asia focus on single hazard. For example, Indian Ocean Tsunami Warnings and Mitigating System mainly focus on preparing for future tsunami threats in the Indian Ocean. Inadequacy of existing early warning systems to face multi hazards as well as transboundary nature of hazards and its effects promote member countries in Asia to call for a regional cooperation for multi-hazard early warning system. However, the region suffers from many challenges when building regional cooperation towards effective multi-hazard early warning system. Therefore, this paper aims to emphasize the importance of regional cooperation for effective multi-hazard early warning system and to explore the gaps in the existing system. In order to achieve the stated objectives, the study conducted a detailed literature review followed by a regional survey. Regional survey data were collected as an online survey and analysed qualitatively. The results revealed that regional cooperation helps in many ways to enhance resilience capacities among coastal communities in Asia. Nevertheless, existing regional cooperation does not deliver its expected level due to capacity gaps identified by the survey. Gaps are identified within capacity development, training and innovation in multi-hazard early warning system. This paper is a partial outcome of a project funded by the European Commission to enhance resilience capacities among coastal communities through development of regional cooperation on multi-hazard early warning system in Asia.

AB - Coastal hazards are one of effects of climate change across the world. The impact of climate change on coastal communities are further complicated with rising coastal population, migration to coastal areas, rapid increase of development activities in coastal areas along with weak coping capacities. Coastal communities, including Asia, face multiple coastal hazards: tsunami, coastal erosions, cyclones, flooding due to sea level rising and coastal pollution. Asia reports the highest number of coastal hazards during the last couple of decade compared to other regions. This is due to population growth, rapid urbanization and development activities, weak intuitions and weak coping strategies. Hence, leading global initiatives emphasize the role of multi-hazard early warning systems as a strategy to reduce coastal disaster risks and enhance their resilience. Nevertheless, most of available early warnings in Asia focus on single hazard. For example, Indian Ocean Tsunami Warnings and Mitigating System mainly focus on preparing for future tsunami threats in the Indian Ocean. Inadequacy of existing early warning systems to face multi hazards as well as transboundary nature of hazards and its effects promote member countries in Asia to call for a regional cooperation for multi-hazard early warning system. However, the region suffers from many challenges when building regional cooperation towards effective multi-hazard early warning system. Therefore, this paper aims to emphasize the importance of regional cooperation for effective multi-hazard early warning system and to explore the gaps in the existing system. In order to achieve the stated objectives, the study conducted a detailed literature review followed by a regional survey. Regional survey data were collected as an online survey and analysed qualitatively. The results revealed that regional cooperation helps in many ways to enhance resilience capacities among coastal communities in Asia. Nevertheless, existing regional cooperation does not deliver its expected level due to capacity gaps identified by the survey. Gaps are identified within capacity development, training and innovation in multi-hazard early warning system. This paper is a partial outcome of a project funded by the European Commission to enhance resilience capacities among coastal communities through development of regional cooperation on multi-hazard early warning system in Asia.

KW - Asia

KW - Coastal hazards

KW - Regional Cooperation

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KW - Capacity building

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M3 - Conference contribution

VL - 1

SP - 62

EP - 70

BT - ICSBE 2018

PB - Springer Singapore

CY - Peradeniya

ER -

Hemachandra K, Haigh R, Amaratunga D. A Regional Analysis of the Role of Multi-Hazard Early Warnings For Coastal Community Resilience in Asia. In ICSBE 2018: Proceedings of the 9th International Conference on Sustainable Built Environment. Vol. 1. Peradeniya: Springer Singapore. 2019. p. 62-70