A review of the High-speed Permanent Magnet Rotor Stress Analysis used for Automotive Air-handling Machines

Levi Mallin, Simon Barrans

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

Abstract

Machines incorporating high-speed electrical machines (HSEM) are becoming increasingly common place in applications including air handling, energy storage and medical devices. They are of increasing interest within the automotive field for air handling applications. HSEM’s use surface-mounted permanent magnet (PM) rotors, manufactured from rare earth metals. However, these PM’s have low tensile strength and are susceptible to failure under the centrifugal load produced at high speed rotation. Retaining sleeves which are an interference fit around the magnets, provide compression and hence resistance to tensile stress. The ability to predict the stresses within the rotor assembly is essential for robust design. This review paper examines existing analytical calculations and finite element analysis (FEA) models. The analytical approaches include both plane stress and plane strain models and the limitations of these are discussed. For relatively long rotors, a generalised plane strain approach is suitable, however it is seldom used. In addition, this latter approach has not been extended to assemblies where the magnets are assembled onto a carrier or shaft. Optimisation of rotors has been addressed in a relatively small number of papers. However, further work is required in this area to ensure that the optimised rotors can be manufactured.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)448-456
Number of pages9
JournalEuropean Journal of Engineering Research and Science
Volume5
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 19 Apr 2020

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