Life cycle assessment (LCA) is a systematic methodology that monitors, measures and evaluates the environmental performance of a system throughout its entire life cycle. This performance is quantitatively measured using midpoint (representing the impact on certain categories) or endpoint (representing the damage to human health, the ecosystem and resources) indicators.
For the standardization of the process, ISO 14040:2006 presented the framework that needs to be followed for LCA studies, while ISO 14046:2014 formalized the water footprint framework. Despite the introduction of the standards, the specific methods that need to be applied are not explained in detail, and, for that reason, LCA practitioners who focus on water use apply several methods and approaches to assess the water quantity consumed or the water/wastewater quality.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationElgar Encyclopedia of Water Policy, Economics and Management
EditorsPhoebe Koundouri, Angelos Alamanos
PublisherEdward Elgar Publishing Ltd.
Number of pages4
ISBN (Electronic)9781802202946
ISBN (Print)9781802202939, 1802202935
Publication statusPublished - 28 Jan 2024

Publication series

NameElgar Encyclopedias in the Social Sciences
PublisherEdward Elgar Publishing Ltd

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