A Scoping Review of the Quality and the Design of Evaluations of Mobile Health, Telehealth, Smart Pump and Monitoring Technologies Performed in a Pharmacy-Related Setting

Darrin Baines, Imandeep K. Gahir, Afthab Hussain, Amir J. Khan, Philip Schneider, Syed S. Hasan, Zaheer Ud Din Babar

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

5 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background: There is currently a need for high quality evaluations of new mobile health, telehealth, smart pump and monitoring technologies undertaken in a pharmacy-related setting. We aim to evaluate the use of these monitoring technologies performed in this setting. Methods: A systematic searching of English articles that examined the quality and the design of technologies conducted in pharmacy-related facilities was performed using the following databases: MEDLINE and Cumulative index to Nursing and Allied Health Literature (CINAHL) to identify original studies examining the quality and the design of technologies and published in peer-reviewed journals. Extraction of articles and quality assessment of included articles were performed independently by two authors. Quality scores over 75% are classed as being acceptable using a "relatively conservative" quality benchmark. Scores over 55% are included using a "relatively liberal" cut-offpoint. Results: Screening resulted in the selection of 40 formal evaluations. A substantial number of studies (32, 80.00%) were performed in the United States, quantitative in approach (33, 82.50%) and retrospective cohort (24, 60.00%) in study design. The most common pharmacy-related settings were: 22 primary care (55.00%); 10 hospital pharmacy (25.00%); 7 community pharmacy (17.50%); one primary care and hospital pharmacy (2.50%). The majority of the evaluations (33, 82.50%) reported clinical outcomes, six (15.00%) measured clinical and economic outcomes, and one (2.50%) economic only. Twelve (30.00%) quantitative studies and no qualitative study met objective criteria for "relatively conservative" quality. Using a lower "relatively liberal" benchmark, 27 quantitative (81.82%) and four qualitative (57.41%) studies met the lower quality criterion. Conclusion: Worldwide, few evaluations of mobile health, telehealth, smart pump and monitoring technologies in pharmacy-related setting have been published. Their quality is often below the standard necessary for inclusion in a systematic review mainly due to inadequate study design.

Original languageEnglish
Article number678
Number of pages17
JournalFrontiers in Pharmacology
Volume9
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 26 Jul 2018

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Cite this

@article{5570d3c74ed64fbb9c91960f04f47d60,
title = "A Scoping Review of the Quality and the Design of Evaluations of Mobile Health, Telehealth, Smart Pump and Monitoring Technologies Performed in a Pharmacy-Related Setting",
abstract = "Background: There is currently a need for high quality evaluations of new mobile health, telehealth, smart pump and monitoring technologies undertaken in a pharmacy-related setting. We aim to evaluate the use of these monitoring technologies performed in this setting. Methods: A systematic searching of English articles that examined the quality and the design of technologies conducted in pharmacy-related facilities was performed using the following databases: MEDLINE and Cumulative index to Nursing and Allied Health Literature (CINAHL) to identify original studies examining the quality and the design of technologies and published in peer-reviewed journals. Extraction of articles and quality assessment of included articles were performed independently by two authors. Quality scores over 75{\%} are classed as being acceptable using a {"}relatively conservative{"} quality benchmark. Scores over 55{\%} are included using a {"}relatively liberal{"} cut-offpoint. Results: Screening resulted in the selection of 40 formal evaluations. A substantial number of studies (32, 80.00{\%}) were performed in the United States, quantitative in approach (33, 82.50{\%}) and retrospective cohort (24, 60.00{\%}) in study design. The most common pharmacy-related settings were: 22 primary care (55.00{\%}); 10 hospital pharmacy (25.00{\%}); 7 community pharmacy (17.50{\%}); one primary care and hospital pharmacy (2.50{\%}). The majority of the evaluations (33, 82.50{\%}) reported clinical outcomes, six (15.00{\%}) measured clinical and economic outcomes, and one (2.50{\%}) economic only. Twelve (30.00{\%}) quantitative studies and no qualitative study met objective criteria for {"}relatively conservative{"} quality. Using a lower {"}relatively liberal{"} benchmark, 27 quantitative (81.82{\%}) and four qualitative (57.41{\%}) studies met the lower quality criterion. Conclusion: Worldwide, few evaluations of mobile health, telehealth, smart pump and monitoring technologies in pharmacy-related setting have been published. Their quality is often below the standard necessary for inclusion in a systematic review mainly due to inadequate study design.",
keywords = "Mobile Health, Monitoring Technologies, Pharmaceutical Care, Pharmacy, Smart Pumps, Telehealth",
author = "Darrin Baines and Gahir, {Imandeep K.} and Afthab Hussain and Khan, {Amir J.} and Philip Schneider and Hasan, {Syed S.} and Babar, {Zaheer Ud Din}",
year = "2018",
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doi = "10.3389/fphar.2018.00678",
language = "English",
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journal = "Frontiers in Pharmacology",
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A Scoping Review of the Quality and the Design of Evaluations of Mobile Health, Telehealth, Smart Pump and Monitoring Technologies Performed in a Pharmacy-Related Setting. / Baines, Darrin; Gahir, Imandeep K.; Hussain, Afthab; Khan, Amir J.; Schneider, Philip; Hasan, Syed S.; Babar, Zaheer Ud Din.

In: Frontiers in Pharmacology, Vol. 9, 678, 26.07.2018.

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

TY - JOUR

T1 - A Scoping Review of the Quality and the Design of Evaluations of Mobile Health, Telehealth, Smart Pump and Monitoring Technologies Performed in a Pharmacy-Related Setting

AU - Baines, Darrin

AU - Gahir, Imandeep K.

AU - Hussain, Afthab

AU - Khan, Amir J.

AU - Schneider, Philip

AU - Hasan, Syed S.

AU - Babar, Zaheer Ud Din

PY - 2018/7/26

Y1 - 2018/7/26

N2 - Background: There is currently a need for high quality evaluations of new mobile health, telehealth, smart pump and monitoring technologies undertaken in a pharmacy-related setting. We aim to evaluate the use of these monitoring technologies performed in this setting. Methods: A systematic searching of English articles that examined the quality and the design of technologies conducted in pharmacy-related facilities was performed using the following databases: MEDLINE and Cumulative index to Nursing and Allied Health Literature (CINAHL) to identify original studies examining the quality and the design of technologies and published in peer-reviewed journals. Extraction of articles and quality assessment of included articles were performed independently by two authors. Quality scores over 75% are classed as being acceptable using a "relatively conservative" quality benchmark. Scores over 55% are included using a "relatively liberal" cut-offpoint. Results: Screening resulted in the selection of 40 formal evaluations. A substantial number of studies (32, 80.00%) were performed in the United States, quantitative in approach (33, 82.50%) and retrospective cohort (24, 60.00%) in study design. The most common pharmacy-related settings were: 22 primary care (55.00%); 10 hospital pharmacy (25.00%); 7 community pharmacy (17.50%); one primary care and hospital pharmacy (2.50%). The majority of the evaluations (33, 82.50%) reported clinical outcomes, six (15.00%) measured clinical and economic outcomes, and one (2.50%) economic only. Twelve (30.00%) quantitative studies and no qualitative study met objective criteria for "relatively conservative" quality. Using a lower "relatively liberal" benchmark, 27 quantitative (81.82%) and four qualitative (57.41%) studies met the lower quality criterion. Conclusion: Worldwide, few evaluations of mobile health, telehealth, smart pump and monitoring technologies in pharmacy-related setting have been published. Their quality is often below the standard necessary for inclusion in a systematic review mainly due to inadequate study design.

AB - Background: There is currently a need for high quality evaluations of new mobile health, telehealth, smart pump and monitoring technologies undertaken in a pharmacy-related setting. We aim to evaluate the use of these monitoring technologies performed in this setting. Methods: A systematic searching of English articles that examined the quality and the design of technologies conducted in pharmacy-related facilities was performed using the following databases: MEDLINE and Cumulative index to Nursing and Allied Health Literature (CINAHL) to identify original studies examining the quality and the design of technologies and published in peer-reviewed journals. Extraction of articles and quality assessment of included articles were performed independently by two authors. Quality scores over 75% are classed as being acceptable using a "relatively conservative" quality benchmark. Scores over 55% are included using a "relatively liberal" cut-offpoint. Results: Screening resulted in the selection of 40 formal evaluations. A substantial number of studies (32, 80.00%) were performed in the United States, quantitative in approach (33, 82.50%) and retrospective cohort (24, 60.00%) in study design. The most common pharmacy-related settings were: 22 primary care (55.00%); 10 hospital pharmacy (25.00%); 7 community pharmacy (17.50%); one primary care and hospital pharmacy (2.50%). The majority of the evaluations (33, 82.50%) reported clinical outcomes, six (15.00%) measured clinical and economic outcomes, and one (2.50%) economic only. Twelve (30.00%) quantitative studies and no qualitative study met objective criteria for "relatively conservative" quality. Using a lower "relatively liberal" benchmark, 27 quantitative (81.82%) and four qualitative (57.41%) studies met the lower quality criterion. Conclusion: Worldwide, few evaluations of mobile health, telehealth, smart pump and monitoring technologies in pharmacy-related setting have been published. Their quality is often below the standard necessary for inclusion in a systematic review mainly due to inadequate study design.

KW - Mobile Health

KW - Monitoring Technologies

KW - Pharmaceutical Care

KW - Pharmacy

KW - Smart Pumps

KW - Telehealth

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U2 - 10.3389/fphar.2018.00678

DO - 10.3389/fphar.2018.00678

M3 - Review article

VL - 9

JO - Frontiers in Pharmacology

JF - Frontiers in Pharmacology

SN - 1663-9812

M1 - 678

ER -