Electromechanical systems as the prime power source are widely employed in industry. To ensure the high productivity and safety of the motor-gear system, motor current signature analysis (MCSA) becomes a cost-effective and effective approach to health condition monitoring of motors and gears simultaneously. In general, working conditions of the motor-gear system can be separated into stationary and nonstationary working conditions. The nonstationary working conditions usually refer to varying speeds, which have been broadly investigated in the angular domain analysis and time-frequency analysis. The stationary working conditions are assumed to have a constant rotating speed which is an ideal scenario, but practically, the rotating speed varies slightly with randomness. The random speed variation seems neglectable but it actually spreads the energy into adjacent frequency bins, which attenuates the amplitude of fault signatures and leads to inaccurate fault diagnosis. To address this issue, a squeezed modulation signal bispectrum (MSB) approach is developed to concentrate the leaked energy for accurately diagnosing gear faults with motor current signals. The squeezed MSB concentrates the energy in the frequency domain along the time axis to overcome the random speed oscillation induced energy leakage and then demodulates and aligns the modulation fault signatures from the squeezed spectra for ensemble averaging to further enhance fault signatures. The simulation study shows the performance of the proposed method under different levels of random speed variation, and the experimental studies demonstrate the effectiveness of the squeezed MSB for diagnosing gear tooth breakage faults under a wide range of working conditions.
|Number of pages||8|
|Journal||IEEE Transactions on Instrumentation and Measurement|
|Early online date||25 Aug 2022|
|Publication status||Published - 9 Sep 2022|