A study of housing reconstruction and social cohesion among conflict and tsunami affected communities in Sri Lanka

Richard Haigh, Siri Hettige, Maheshika Sakalasuriya, G. Vickneswaran, Lasantha Namal Weerasena

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Purpose: The purpose of this paper is to critically analyse the role of housing reconstruction projects in post conflict and post tsunami Sri Lanka, and to discuss their implications on conflict prevention. Design/methodology/approach: Using four housing reconstruction projects in Batticaloa, Kilinochchi and Jaffna Districts, Sri Lanka, as case studies, and a novel methodological framework, the study explores the causal relations among the independent variables associated with housing reconstruction and dependent variables related to conflict prevention. The data, gathered from interviews and project reports, were analysed using propositions from a literature review, adopting a thematic analytical approach. Findings: This study finds that reconstruction has created new forms of conflicts and tensions for the people who came to live in the newly constructed houses. The hostile relations that existed among different ethnic groups during the conflict were continued, and to some extent, exacerbated by the reconstruction undertaken after the war. Practical implications: The study identifies causal relations among the independent variables associated with housing reconstruction and dependent variables related to conflict prevention, which can be used to inform physical reconstruction programmes after conflict. Originality/value: The research presents a novel methodological framework. The results reveal concerns in housing and infrastructure development that have implications for future research and practice in post conflict environments.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)566-580
Number of pages15
JournalDisaster Prevention and Management
Volume25
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Dec 2016

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Tsunamis
Sri Lanka
social cohesion
cohesion
tsunami
reconstruction
housing
conflict prevention
community
Ethnic Groups
infrastructure development
housing development
conflict
Tsunami
Social cohesion
Interviews
ethnic group
literature review
district
Research

Cite this

Haigh, Richard ; Hettige, Siri ; Sakalasuriya, Maheshika ; Vickneswaran, G. ; Weerasena, Lasantha Namal. / A study of housing reconstruction and social cohesion among conflict and tsunami affected communities in Sri Lanka. In: Disaster Prevention and Management. 2016 ; Vol. 25, No. 5. pp. 566-580.
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A study of housing reconstruction and social cohesion among conflict and tsunami affected communities in Sri Lanka. / Haigh, Richard; Hettige, Siri; Sakalasuriya, Maheshika; Vickneswaran, G.; Weerasena, Lasantha Namal.

In: Disaster Prevention and Management, Vol. 25, No. 5, 01.12.2016, p. 566-580.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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