A Study of MAC Protocols for WBANs

Sana Ullah, Bin Shen, S. M. Riazul Islam, Pervez Khan, Shahnaz Saleem, Kyung S. Kwak

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

101 Citations (Scopus)


The seamless integration of low-power, miniaturised, invasive/non-invasive lightweight sensor nodes have contributed to the development of a proactive and unobtrusive Wireless Body Area Network (WBAN). A WBAN provides long-term health monitoring of a patient without any constraint on his/her normal dailylife activities. This monitoring requires the low-power operation of invasive/non-invasive sensor nodes. In other words, a power-efficient Medium Access Control (MAC) protocol is required to satisfy the stringent WBAN requirements, including low-power consumption. In this paper, we first outline the WBAN requirements that are important for the design of a low-power MAC protocol. Then we study low-power MAC protocols proposed/investigated for a WBAN with emphasis on their strengths and weaknesses. We also review different power-efficient mechanisms for a WBAN. In addition, useful suggestions are given to help the MAC designers to develop a low-power MAC protocol that will satisfy the stringent requirements.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)128-145
Number of pages18
Issue number1
Early online date28 Dec 2009
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2010
Externally publishedYes


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