A system to investigate the remediation of organic vapors using microwave-induced plasma with fluidized carbon granules

Elizabeth A. Dawson, Gareth M B Parkes, Gary Bond, Runjie Mao

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

This article describes a system to investigate the parameters for the remediation of organic vapors using microwave-induced plasma on fluidized carbon granules. The system is based on a single mode microwave apparatus with a variable power (2.45 GHz) generator. Carbon granules are fluidized in a silica tube situated in the sample section of a waveguide incorporating two additional ports to allow plasma intensity monitoring using a light sensor and imaging with a digital camera. A fluoroptic probe is used for in situ measurement of the carbon granule temperature, while the effluent gas temperature is measured with a thermocouple situated in the silica tube outside the cavity. Data acquisition and control software allow experiments using a variety of microwave power regimes while simultaneously recording the light intensity of any plasma generated within the carbon bed, together with its temperature. Evaluation using two different granular activated carbons and ethyl acetate, introduced as a vapor into the fluidizing air stream at a concentration of 1 ppm, yielded results which indicated that significant destruction of ethyl acetate, as monitored using a mass spectrometer, was achieved only with the carbon granules showing high plasma activity under pulsed microwave conditions. The system is therefore suitable for comparison of the relative microwave activities of various activated carbon granules and their performance in microwave remediation and regeneration.

LanguageEnglish
Article number034102
JournalReview of Scientific Instruments
Volume80
Issue number3
Early online date6 Mar 2009
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 8 Apr 2009

Fingerprint

Remediation
Vapors
Microwaves
vapors
Plasmas
microwaves
Carbon
carbon
activated carbon
Activated carbon
acetates
Silica
tubes
silicon dioxide
digital cameras
effluents
Fluidization
Digital cameras
Mass spectrometers
thermocouples

Cite this

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title = "A system to investigate the remediation of organic vapors using microwave-induced plasma with fluidized carbon granules",
abstract = "This article describes a system to investigate the parameters for the remediation of organic vapors using microwave-induced plasma on fluidized carbon granules. The system is based on a single mode microwave apparatus with a variable power (2.45 GHz) generator. Carbon granules are fluidized in a silica tube situated in the sample section of a waveguide incorporating two additional ports to allow plasma intensity monitoring using a light sensor and imaging with a digital camera. A fluoroptic probe is used for in situ measurement of the carbon granule temperature, while the effluent gas temperature is measured with a thermocouple situated in the silica tube outside the cavity. Data acquisition and control software allow experiments using a variety of microwave power regimes while simultaneously recording the light intensity of any plasma generated within the carbon bed, together with its temperature. Evaluation using two different granular activated carbons and ethyl acetate, introduced as a vapor into the fluidizing air stream at a concentration of 1 ppm, yielded results which indicated that significant destruction of ethyl acetate, as monitored using a mass spectrometer, was achieved only with the carbon granules showing high plasma activity under pulsed microwave conditions. The system is therefore suitable for comparison of the relative microwave activities of various activated carbon granules and their performance in microwave remediation and regeneration.",
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A system to investigate the remediation of organic vapors using microwave-induced plasma with fluidized carbon granules. / Dawson, Elizabeth A.; Parkes, Gareth M B; Bond, Gary; Mao, Runjie.

In: Review of Scientific Instruments, Vol. 80, No. 3, 034102, 08.04.2009.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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