A theoretical insight into morphological operations in surface measurement by introducing the slope transform

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Abstract

As one of the tools for surface analysis, morphological operations, although not as popular as linear convolution operations (e.g., the Gaussian filter), are really useful in mechanical surface reconstruction, surface filtration, functional simulation, etc. By introducing the slope transform originally developed for signal processing into the field of surface metrology, an analytic capability is gained for morphological operations, paralleling that of the Fourier transform in the context of linear convolution. Using the slope transform, the tangential dilation is converted into the addition in the slope domain, just as by the Fourier transform, the convolution switches into the multiplication in the frequency domain. Under the theory of the slope transform, the slope and curvature changes of the structuring element to the operated surface can be obtained, offering a deeper understanding of morphological operations in surface measurement. The analytical solutions to the tangential dilation of a sine wave and a disk by a disk are derived respectively. An example of the discretized tangential dilation of a sine wave by the disks with two different radii is illustrated to show the consistency and distinction between the tangential dilation and the classical dilation.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)395-403
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Zhejiang University: Science A
Volume16
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 May 2015

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Surface measurement
Convolution
Fourier transforms
Surface reconstruction
Surface analysis
Signal processing
Switches

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title = "A theoretical insight into morphological operations in surface measurement by introducing the slope transform",
abstract = "As one of the tools for surface analysis, morphological operations, although not as popular as linear convolution operations (e.g., the Gaussian filter), are really useful in mechanical surface reconstruction, surface filtration, functional simulation, etc. By introducing the slope transform originally developed for signal processing into the field of surface metrology, an analytic capability is gained for morphological operations, paralleling that of the Fourier transform in the context of linear convolution. Using the slope transform, the tangential dilation is converted into the addition in the slope domain, just as by the Fourier transform, the convolution switches into the multiplication in the frequency domain. Under the theory of the slope transform, the slope and curvature changes of the structuring element to the operated surface can be obtained, offering a deeper understanding of morphological operations in surface measurement. The analytical solutions to the tangential dilation of a sine wave and a disk by a disk are derived respectively. An example of the discretized tangential dilation of a sine wave by the disks with two different radii is illustrated to show the consistency and distinction between the tangential dilation and the classical dilation.",
keywords = "Linear convolution, Morphological operations, Slope transform, Surface metrology, Tangential dilation",
author = "Shan Lou and Jiang, {Xiang qian} and Zeng, {Wen han} and Scott, {Paul J.}",
year = "2015",
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journal = "Journal of Zhejiang University: Science A",
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TY - JOUR

T1 - A theoretical insight into morphological operations in surface measurement by introducing the slope transform

AU - Lou, Shan

AU - Jiang, Xiang qian

AU - Zeng, Wen han

AU - Scott, Paul J.

PY - 2015/5/1

Y1 - 2015/5/1

N2 - As one of the tools for surface analysis, morphological operations, although not as popular as linear convolution operations (e.g., the Gaussian filter), are really useful in mechanical surface reconstruction, surface filtration, functional simulation, etc. By introducing the slope transform originally developed for signal processing into the field of surface metrology, an analytic capability is gained for morphological operations, paralleling that of the Fourier transform in the context of linear convolution. Using the slope transform, the tangential dilation is converted into the addition in the slope domain, just as by the Fourier transform, the convolution switches into the multiplication in the frequency domain. Under the theory of the slope transform, the slope and curvature changes of the structuring element to the operated surface can be obtained, offering a deeper understanding of morphological operations in surface measurement. The analytical solutions to the tangential dilation of a sine wave and a disk by a disk are derived respectively. An example of the discretized tangential dilation of a sine wave by the disks with two different radii is illustrated to show the consistency and distinction between the tangential dilation and the classical dilation.

AB - As one of the tools for surface analysis, morphological operations, although not as popular as linear convolution operations (e.g., the Gaussian filter), are really useful in mechanical surface reconstruction, surface filtration, functional simulation, etc. By introducing the slope transform originally developed for signal processing into the field of surface metrology, an analytic capability is gained for morphological operations, paralleling that of the Fourier transform in the context of linear convolution. Using the slope transform, the tangential dilation is converted into the addition in the slope domain, just as by the Fourier transform, the convolution switches into the multiplication in the frequency domain. Under the theory of the slope transform, the slope and curvature changes of the structuring element to the operated surface can be obtained, offering a deeper understanding of morphological operations in surface measurement. The analytical solutions to the tangential dilation of a sine wave and a disk by a disk are derived respectively. An example of the discretized tangential dilation of a sine wave by the disks with two different radii is illustrated to show the consistency and distinction between the tangential dilation and the classical dilation.

KW - Linear convolution

KW - Morphological operations

KW - Slope transform

KW - Surface metrology

KW - Tangential dilation

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