A Y Chromosome Census of the British Isles

Cristian Capelli, Nicola Redhead, Julia K. Abernethy, Fiona Gratrix, James F. Wilson, Torolf Moen, Tor Hervig, Martin Richards, Michael P.H. Stumpf, Peter A. Underhill, Paul Bradshaw, Alom Shaha, Mark G. Thomas, Neal Bradman, David B. Goldstein

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

98 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The degree of population replacement in the British Isles associated with cultural changes has been extensively debated [1-3]. Recent work has demonstrated that comparisons of genetic variation in the British Isles and on the European Continent can illuminate specific demographic processes in the history of the British Isles. For example, Wilson et al. [4] used the similarity of Basque and Celtic Y chromosomes to argue for genetic continuity from the Upper Palaeolithic to the present in the paternal history of these populations (see also [5]). Differences in the Y chromosome composition of these groups also suggested genetic signatures of Norwegian influence in the Orkney Islands north of the Scottish mainland, an important center of Viking activities between 800 and 1300 A.D. [6]. More recently, Weale et al. [7] argued for substantial Anglo-Saxon male migration into central England based on the analysis of eight British sample sets collected on an east-west transect across England and Wales. To provide a more complete assessment of the paternal genetic history of the British Isles, we have compared the Y chromosome composition of multiple geographically distant British sample sets with collections from Norway (two sites), Denmark, and Germany and with collections from central Ireland, representing, respectively, the putative invading and the indigenous populations. By analyzing 1772 Y chromosomes from 25 predominantly small urban locations, we found that different parts of the British Isles have sharply different paternal histories; the degree of population replacement and genetic continuity shows systematic variation across the sampled areas.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)979-984
Number of pages6
JournalCurrent Biology
Volume13
Issue number11
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 27 May 2003

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British Isles
Y Chromosome
Y chromosome
Censuses
Chromosomes
History
Population Dynamics
history
England
Wales
Population Genetics
Denmark
Norway
Chemical analysis
Ireland
Population Groups
Islands
Germany
Demography
demographic statistics

Cite this

Capelli, C., Redhead, N., Abernethy, J. K., Gratrix, F., Wilson, J. F., Moen, T., ... Goldstein, D. B. (2003). A Y Chromosome Census of the British Isles. Current Biology, 13(11), 979-984. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0960-9822(03)00373-7
Capelli, Cristian ; Redhead, Nicola ; Abernethy, Julia K. ; Gratrix, Fiona ; Wilson, James F. ; Moen, Torolf ; Hervig, Tor ; Richards, Martin ; Stumpf, Michael P.H. ; Underhill, Peter A. ; Bradshaw, Paul ; Shaha, Alom ; Thomas, Mark G. ; Bradman, Neal ; Goldstein, David B. / A Y Chromosome Census of the British Isles. In: Current Biology. 2003 ; Vol. 13, No. 11. pp. 979-984.
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Capelli, C, Redhead, N, Abernethy, JK, Gratrix, F, Wilson, JF, Moen, T, Hervig, T, Richards, M, Stumpf, MPH, Underhill, PA, Bradshaw, P, Shaha, A, Thomas, MG, Bradman, N & Goldstein, DB 2003, 'A Y Chromosome Census of the British Isles', Current Biology, vol. 13, no. 11, pp. 979-984. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0960-9822(03)00373-7

A Y Chromosome Census of the British Isles. / Capelli, Cristian; Redhead, Nicola; Abernethy, Julia K.; Gratrix, Fiona; Wilson, James F.; Moen, Torolf; Hervig, Tor; Richards, Martin; Stumpf, Michael P.H.; Underhill, Peter A.; Bradshaw, Paul; Shaha, Alom; Thomas, Mark G.; Bradman, Neal; Goldstein, David B.

In: Current Biology, Vol. 13, No. 11, 27.05.2003, p. 979-984.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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AU - Bradshaw, Paul

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AU - Goldstein, David B.

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Capelli C, Redhead N, Abernethy JK, Gratrix F, Wilson JF, Moen T et al. A Y Chromosome Census of the British Isles. Current Biology. 2003 May 27;13(11):979-984. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0960-9822(03)00373-7