Access to Medicines: Case Studies from Russia and Kyrgyzstan

Liliya Eugenevna Ziganshina, Chinara M. Razzakova, Syed Shahzad Hasan, Zaheer-ud-din Babar

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapterpeer-review


We report medicine prices, availability and affordability in Russia and Kyrgyzstan using the WHO/HAI methodology. In Kyrgyzstan, median prices of cardiovascular medicines were 6 times higher than in Russia, whilst their affordability was 9 times lower than in Russia for lowest-priced generics and 11 times lower for originator brands. Antihypertensive pharmacotherapy was affordable in Russia, but not in Kyrgyzstan (2015). We monitored patient and procurement prices in Russia (2010–2017) and documented success of government interventions in reduction of essential and cardiovascular patient prices from 2010 onwards to recommended values for generics in public sector and the need for continued price monitoring.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationGlobal Pharmaceutical Policy
EditorsZaheer-Ud-Din Babar
PublisherSpringer Singapore
Number of pages24
ISBN (Electronic)9789811527241
ISBN (Print)9789811527234
Publication statusPublished - 16 Jun 2020


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