Acoustic analysis of the Syrian vowel system

Rana Almbark, Sam Hellmuth

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Abstract

This paper describes the vowel system of Damascus Arabic in Syria, from now onwards referred to as Syrian Arabic (SA). We examine the acoustic correlates of SA short/long vowel contrasts, and investigate the status of mid vowels in SA. The goal is to expand on the auditory description of the SA vowel system performed by Cowell [8]. The full set of vowel categories proposed by Cowell were produced in a neutral /hVd/ context by fifteen SA speakers. Quantitative analysis of vowel duration and formant measurements confirms that the vowel system of Syrian Arabic includes the main /i(?)/, /a(?)/, and /u(?)/ short/long vowel contrasts and supports the phonemic status of mid-long vowels /e?/ and /o?/. However, the phonemic status of the mid short vowels [e] and [o] and of schwa was not supported and they are analysed as allophonic variants of their high counterparts /i/ and /u/, respectively.
LanguageEnglish
Title of host publicationProceedings of ICPhS 2015
EditorsMaria Wolters, Judy Livingstone, Bernie Beattie, Rachel Smith, Mike MacMahon, Jane Stuart-Smith, Jim Scobbie
PublisherUniversity of Glasgow
Publication statusPublished - 1 Aug 2015
Event18th International Congress of Phonetic Sciences - Scottish Event Campus, Glasgow, United Kingdom
Duration: 10 Aug 201514 Aug 2015
Conference number: 18
https://www.internationalphoneticassociation.org/icphs/icphs2015 (Link to Conference Details)

Conference

Conference18th International Congress of Phonetic Sciences
Abbreviated titleICPhS 2015
CountryUnited Kingdom
CityGlasgow
Period10/08/1514/08/15
Internet address

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vowels
acoustics
phonemics
Syria
quantitative analysis

Cite this

Almbark, R., & Hellmuth, S. (2015). Acoustic analysis of the Syrian vowel system. In M. Wolters, J. Livingstone, B. Beattie, R. Smith, M. MacMahon, J. Stuart-Smith, & J. Scobbie (Eds.), Proceedings of ICPhS 2015 University of Glasgow.
Almbark, Rana ; Hellmuth, Sam. / Acoustic analysis of the Syrian vowel system. Proceedings of ICPhS 2015. editor / Maria Wolters ; Judy Livingstone ; Bernie Beattie ; Rachel Smith ; Mike MacMahon ; Jane Stuart-Smith ; Jim Scobbie. University of Glasgow, 2015.
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abstract = "This paper describes the vowel system of Damascus Arabic in Syria, from now onwards referred to as Syrian Arabic (SA). We examine the acoustic correlates of SA short/long vowel contrasts, and investigate the status of mid vowels in SA. The goal is to expand on the auditory description of the SA vowel system performed by Cowell [8]. The full set of vowel categories proposed by Cowell were produced in a neutral /hVd/ context by fifteen SA speakers. Quantitative analysis of vowel duration and formant measurements confirms that the vowel system of Syrian Arabic includes the main /i(?)/, /a(?)/, and /u(?)/ short/long vowel contrasts and supports the phonemic status of mid-long vowels /e?/ and /o?/. However, the phonemic status of the mid short vowels [e] and [o] and of schwa was not supported and they are analysed as allophonic variants of their high counterparts /i/ and /u/, respectively.",
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Almbark, R & Hellmuth, S 2015, Acoustic analysis of the Syrian vowel system. in M Wolters, J Livingstone, B Beattie, R Smith, M MacMahon, J Stuart-Smith & J Scobbie (eds), Proceedings of ICPhS 2015. University of Glasgow, 18th International Congress of Phonetic Sciences, Glasgow, United Kingdom, 10/08/15.

Acoustic analysis of the Syrian vowel system. / Almbark, Rana; Hellmuth, Sam.

Proceedings of ICPhS 2015. ed. / Maria Wolters; Judy Livingstone; Bernie Beattie; Rachel Smith; Mike MacMahon; Jane Stuart-Smith; Jim Scobbie. University of Glasgow, 2015.

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

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Almbark R, Hellmuth S. Acoustic analysis of the Syrian vowel system. In Wolters M, Livingstone J, Beattie B, Smith R, MacMahon M, Stuart-Smith J, Scobbie J, editors, Proceedings of ICPhS 2015. University of Glasgow. 2015