Wastewater treatment is of great concern in the textile industries because dyes, which are released into wastewater, are stable due to their structures and that some of the existing conventional techniques are not effective for aqueous removal of dyes. Among the advanced techniques for treatment of industrial effluents, adsorption is one of the most effective processes for removal of dyes from industrial wastewater. Similarly, activated carbons from different sources have been successfully applied as adsorbents for dye removal from aqueous solutions. In this context, this research evaluated the performance of activated carbon produced from peach pit (APC-1.0) for removal of a textile dye, Procion Red MX-5B (PR-5B), through batch adsorption process. The characteristic features of the peach activated carbon were obtained through Fourier transforms infrared spectroscopy, and scanning electron microscopy. The effectiveness of the activated to remove PR-5B from aqua system was compared with that of commercial activated carbon (CAC). In the kinetic study, the contact time was evaluated between 0 and 480 min using two different initial concentrations. Adsorption isotherms of PR-5B onto the two adsorbents were investigated in six different temperatures (298–326 K). The thermodynamic parameters of the process indicated spontaneous and exothermic adsorption. Equilibrium data were best described by Liu isotherm model with maximum removal capacities of 297.2 and 174.0 mg g−1 for APC-1.0 and CAC, respectively.