Advanced abrasive processes for manufacturing prototype mirror segments for the world’s largest telescope

David Walker, Gary Davies, Tony Fox-Leonard, Caroline Gray, John Mitchell, Paul Rees, Hsing Yu Wu, Andy Volkov, Guoyu Yu

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

5 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

This paper describes the application of loose-abrasive processes to the manufacture of 1.4 meter, off-axis aspheric, hexagonal mirror-segments. These are prototypes for the 39 m European Extremely Large Telescope (E-ELT). The application of active forces to correct the overall form of segments in the telescope, means that the overall form-accuracy achieved in polishing can be less critical than for a non-active mirror. However, it is a requirement that the base-radii and conic constants of mirror-segments are very closely matched, so that the combined image is not degraded. This means that abrasive processes have to operate with respect to an absolute rather than relative datum. Furthermore, there are stringent requirements on mid-spatial frequency defects on segment surfaces, and on edge-roll. These control stray-light, and ultimately detectability of faint astronomical targets. We describe the CNC abrasive techniques we have developed in response. We then demonstrate the success of the approach, which represents the first time ever that segments have been processed entirely in the hexagonal shape:-a milestone in loose-abrasive processing. Finally, we address up-scale for the unprecedented number of segments required for the E-ELT build-phase.

LanguageEnglish
Title of host publicationAdvances in Abrasive Technology XVII
PublisherTrans Tech Publications Ltd
Pages532-538
Number of pages7
Volume1017
ISBN (Electronic)9783038352211
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2014
Externally publishedYes
Event17th International Symposium on Advances in Abrasive Technology - Marriott King Kamehameha's Kona Beach Hotel, Kailua, United States
Duration: 22 Sep 201425 Sep 2014
http://www.scoop-japan.com/kaigi/isaat2014/ (Link to Conference Website)

Publication series

NameAdvanced Materials Research
Volume1017
ISSN (Print)1022-6680
ISSN (Electronic)1662-8985

Conference

Conference17th International Symposium on Advances in Abrasive Technology
Abbreviated titleISAAT 2014
CountryUnited States
CityKailua
Period22/09/1425/09/14
Internet address

Fingerprint

Abrasives
Telescopes
Mirrors
Stray light
Polishing
Defects
Processing

Cite this

Walker, D., Davies, G., Fox-Leonard, T., Gray, C., Mitchell, J., Rees, P., ... Yu, G. (2014). Advanced abrasive processes for manufacturing prototype mirror segments for the world’s largest telescope. In Advances in Abrasive Technology XVII (Vol. 1017, pp. 532-538). (Advanced Materials Research; Vol. 1017). Trans Tech Publications Ltd. https://doi.org/10.4028/www.scientific.net/AMR.1017.532
Walker, David ; Davies, Gary ; Fox-Leonard, Tony ; Gray, Caroline ; Mitchell, John ; Rees, Paul ; Wu, Hsing Yu ; Volkov, Andy ; Yu, Guoyu. / Advanced abrasive processes for manufacturing prototype mirror segments for the world’s largest telescope. Advances in Abrasive Technology XVII. Vol. 1017 Trans Tech Publications Ltd, 2014. pp. 532-538 (Advanced Materials Research).
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abstract = "This paper describes the application of loose-abrasive processes to the manufacture of 1.4 meter, off-axis aspheric, hexagonal mirror-segments. These are prototypes for the 39 m European Extremely Large Telescope (E-ELT). The application of active forces to correct the overall form of segments in the telescope, means that the overall form-accuracy achieved in polishing can be less critical than for a non-active mirror. However, it is a requirement that the base-radii and conic constants of mirror-segments are very closely matched, so that the combined image is not degraded. This means that abrasive processes have to operate with respect to an absolute rather than relative datum. Furthermore, there are stringent requirements on mid-spatial frequency defects on segment surfaces, and on edge-roll. These control stray-light, and ultimately detectability of faint astronomical targets. We describe the CNC abrasive techniques we have developed in response. We then demonstrate the success of the approach, which represents the first time ever that segments have been processed entirely in the hexagonal shape:-a milestone in loose-abrasive processing. Finally, we address up-scale for the unprecedented number of segments required for the E-ELT build-phase.",
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Walker, D, Davies, G, Fox-Leonard, T, Gray, C, Mitchell, J, Rees, P, Wu, HY, Volkov, A & Yu, G 2014, Advanced abrasive processes for manufacturing prototype mirror segments for the world’s largest telescope. in Advances in Abrasive Technology XVII. vol. 1017, Advanced Materials Research, vol. 1017, Trans Tech Publications Ltd, pp. 532-538, 17th International Symposium on Advances in Abrasive Technology, Kailua, United States, 22/09/14. https://doi.org/10.4028/www.scientific.net/AMR.1017.532

Advanced abrasive processes for manufacturing prototype mirror segments for the world’s largest telescope. / Walker, David; Davies, Gary; Fox-Leonard, Tony; Gray, Caroline; Mitchell, John; Rees, Paul; Wu, Hsing Yu; Volkov, Andy; Yu, Guoyu.

Advances in Abrasive Technology XVII. Vol. 1017 Trans Tech Publications Ltd, 2014. p. 532-538 (Advanced Materials Research; Vol. 1017).

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

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AU - Walker, David

AU - Davies, Gary

AU - Fox-Leonard, Tony

AU - Gray, Caroline

AU - Mitchell, John

AU - Rees, Paul

AU - Wu, Hsing Yu

AU - Volkov, Andy

AU - Yu, Guoyu

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AB - This paper describes the application of loose-abrasive processes to the manufacture of 1.4 meter, off-axis aspheric, hexagonal mirror-segments. These are prototypes for the 39 m European Extremely Large Telescope (E-ELT). The application of active forces to correct the overall form of segments in the telescope, means that the overall form-accuracy achieved in polishing can be less critical than for a non-active mirror. However, it is a requirement that the base-radii and conic constants of mirror-segments are very closely matched, so that the combined image is not degraded. This means that abrasive processes have to operate with respect to an absolute rather than relative datum. Furthermore, there are stringent requirements on mid-spatial frequency defects on segment surfaces, and on edge-roll. These control stray-light, and ultimately detectability of faint astronomical targets. We describe the CNC abrasive techniques we have developed in response. We then demonstrate the success of the approach, which represents the first time ever that segments have been processed entirely in the hexagonal shape:-a milestone in loose-abrasive processing. Finally, we address up-scale for the unprecedented number of segments required for the E-ELT build-phase.

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KW - Edge

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KW - Mirror

KW - Off-axis

KW - Polishing

KW - Segment

KW - Smoothing

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M3 - Conference contribution

VL - 1017

T3 - Advanced Materials Research

SP - 532

EP - 538

BT - Advances in Abrasive Technology XVII

PB - Trans Tech Publications Ltd

ER -

Walker D, Davies G, Fox-Leonard T, Gray C, Mitchell J, Rees P et al. Advanced abrasive processes for manufacturing prototype mirror segments for the world’s largest telescope. In Advances in Abrasive Technology XVII. Vol. 1017. Trans Tech Publications Ltd. 2014. p. 532-538. (Advanced Materials Research). https://doi.org/10.4028/www.scientific.net/AMR.1017.532