Airport selection criteria of low-cost carriers: A fuzzy analytical hierarchy process

Hui Shan Loh, Kum Fai Yuen, Xueqin Wang, Ebru Surucu-Balci, Gokcay Balci, Qingji Zhou

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

The selection of airport is an important consideration for low-cost carriers (LCCs) to remain cost competitive. The objective of this study is to identify and rank the airport selection criteria of LCCs. Based on reviewing the existing literature, five main factors comprising 16 sub-factors were developed. The factors were first validated by three industry experts from the aviation industry. Thereafter, a survey questionnaire requiring a comparison of the factors was administered on 28 executives who were involved in the strategy planning and formulation of LCCs based in China or Korea. The collected data were analysed using fuzzy analytical hierarchy process (FAHP). In descending order of their importance, the main factors influencing LCCs' selection of airport are (1) airport charges, (2) airport performance, (3) airport growth opportunities, (4) catchment area and (5) airport infrastructure. The top three sub-factors are airport costs, demand for LCC services and passenger throughput. The research contributes to academic research by providing a holistic assessment of the key considerations influencing LCCs' selection of airport. In addition, it implicates policy formulation of LCCs by providing a framework for assessment of airports that are suitable for LCCs’ operations.
Original languageEnglish
Article number101759
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Air Transport Management
Volume83
Early online date27 Dec 2019
DOIs
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 27 Dec 2019

Fingerprint

analytical hierarchy process
airport
Airports
costs
cost
Costs
Low-cost carriers
Selection criteria
Analytical hierarchy process
academic research
planning conception
industry
questionnaire survey
air traffic
Catchments
Aviation
Korea
Industry
Throughput
infrastructure

Cite this

Loh, Hui Shan ; Yuen, Kum Fai ; Wang, Xueqin ; Surucu-Balci, Ebru ; Balci, Gokcay ; Zhou, Qingji. / Airport selection criteria of low-cost carriers : A fuzzy analytical hierarchy process. In: Journal of Air Transport Management. 2020 ; Vol. 83.
@article{dce6364e235c45198efb4ae91ef48151,
title = "Airport selection criteria of low-cost carriers: A fuzzy analytical hierarchy process",
abstract = "The selection of airport is an important consideration for low-cost carriers (LCCs) to remain cost competitive. The objective of this study is to identify and rank the airport selection criteria of LCCs. Based on reviewing the existing literature, five main factors comprising 16 sub-factors were developed. The factors were first validated by three industry experts from the aviation industry. Thereafter, a survey questionnaire requiring a comparison of the factors was administered on 28 executives who were involved in the strategy planning and formulation of LCCs based in China or Korea. The collected data were analysed using fuzzy analytical hierarchy process (FAHP). In descending order of their importance, the main factors influencing LCCs' selection of airport are (1) airport charges, (2) airport performance, (3) airport growth opportunities, (4) catchment area and (5) airport infrastructure. The top three sub-factors are airport costs, demand for LCC services and passenger throughput. The research contributes to academic research by providing a holistic assessment of the key considerations influencing LCCs' selection of airport. In addition, it implicates policy formulation of LCCs by providing a framework for assessment of airports that are suitable for LCCs’ operations.",
keywords = "Low-cost carriers, Airport selection criteria, FAHP",
author = "Loh, {Hui Shan} and Yuen, {Kum Fai} and Xueqin Wang and Ebru Surucu-Balci and Gokcay Balci and Qingji Zhou",
year = "2019",
month = "12",
day = "27",
doi = "10.1016/j.jairtraman.2019.101759",
language = "English",
volume = "83",
journal = "Journal of Air Transport Management",
issn = "0969-6997",
publisher = "Elsevier Limited",

}

Airport selection criteria of low-cost carriers : A fuzzy analytical hierarchy process. / Loh, Hui Shan; Yuen, Kum Fai; Wang, Xueqin; Surucu-Balci, Ebru; Balci, Gokcay; Zhou, Qingji.

In: Journal of Air Transport Management, Vol. 83, 101759, 01.03.2020.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

TY - JOUR

T1 - Airport selection criteria of low-cost carriers

T2 - A fuzzy analytical hierarchy process

AU - Loh, Hui Shan

AU - Yuen, Kum Fai

AU - Wang, Xueqin

AU - Surucu-Balci, Ebru

AU - Balci, Gokcay

AU - Zhou, Qingji

PY - 2019/12/27

Y1 - 2019/12/27

N2 - The selection of airport is an important consideration for low-cost carriers (LCCs) to remain cost competitive. The objective of this study is to identify and rank the airport selection criteria of LCCs. Based on reviewing the existing literature, five main factors comprising 16 sub-factors were developed. The factors were first validated by three industry experts from the aviation industry. Thereafter, a survey questionnaire requiring a comparison of the factors was administered on 28 executives who were involved in the strategy planning and formulation of LCCs based in China or Korea. The collected data were analysed using fuzzy analytical hierarchy process (FAHP). In descending order of their importance, the main factors influencing LCCs' selection of airport are (1) airport charges, (2) airport performance, (3) airport growth opportunities, (4) catchment area and (5) airport infrastructure. The top three sub-factors are airport costs, demand for LCC services and passenger throughput. The research contributes to academic research by providing a holistic assessment of the key considerations influencing LCCs' selection of airport. In addition, it implicates policy formulation of LCCs by providing a framework for assessment of airports that are suitable for LCCs’ operations.

AB - The selection of airport is an important consideration for low-cost carriers (LCCs) to remain cost competitive. The objective of this study is to identify and rank the airport selection criteria of LCCs. Based on reviewing the existing literature, five main factors comprising 16 sub-factors were developed. The factors were first validated by three industry experts from the aviation industry. Thereafter, a survey questionnaire requiring a comparison of the factors was administered on 28 executives who were involved in the strategy planning and formulation of LCCs based in China or Korea. The collected data were analysed using fuzzy analytical hierarchy process (FAHP). In descending order of their importance, the main factors influencing LCCs' selection of airport are (1) airport charges, (2) airport performance, (3) airport growth opportunities, (4) catchment area and (5) airport infrastructure. The top three sub-factors are airport costs, demand for LCC services and passenger throughput. The research contributes to academic research by providing a holistic assessment of the key considerations influencing LCCs' selection of airport. In addition, it implicates policy formulation of LCCs by providing a framework for assessment of airports that are suitable for LCCs’ operations.

KW - Low-cost carriers

KW - Airport selection criteria

KW - FAHP

U2 - 10.1016/j.jairtraman.2019.101759

DO - 10.1016/j.jairtraman.2019.101759

M3 - Article

VL - 83

JO - Journal of Air Transport Management

JF - Journal of Air Transport Management

SN - 0969-6997

M1 - 101759

ER -