Algorithm and experiments of six-dimensional force/torque dynamic measurements based on a Stewart platform

Ke Wen, Fuzhou Du, Xianzhi Zhang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

13 Citations (Scopus)


Stewart platform (SP) is a promising choice for large component alignment, and interactive force measurements are a novel and significant approach for high-precision assemblies. The designed position and orientation (P&O) adjusting platform, based on an SP for force/torque-driven (F/T-driven) alignment, can dynamically measure interactive forces. This paper presents an analytical algorithm of measuring six-dimensional F/T based on the screw theory for accurate determination of external forces during alignment. Dynamic gravity deviations were taken into consideration and a compensation model was developed. The P&O number was optimized as well. Given the specific appearance of repeated six-dimensional F/T measurements, an approximate cone shape was used for spatial precision analysis. The magnitudes and directions of measured F/Ts can be evaluated by a set of standards, in terms of accuracy and repeatability. Experiments were also performed using a known applied load, and the proposed analytical algorithm was able to accurately predict the F/T. A comparison between precision analysis experiments with or without assembly fixtures was performed. Experimental results show that the measurement accuracy varies under different P&O sets and higher loads lead to poorer accuracy of dynamic gravity compensation. In addition, the preferable operation range has been discussed for high-precision assemblies with smaller deviations.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1840-1851
Number of pages12
JournalChinese Journal of Aeronautics
Issue number6
Early online date21 Oct 2016
Publication statusPublished - 1 Dec 2016
Externally publishedYes

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