All Buttons In: An Investigation Into The Use Of The 1176 FET Compressor In Popular Music Production

Research output: Contribution to journalConference article

Abstract

The Urei/Universal Audio 1176 is one of the most revered and popular compressors used in music production (Senior 2009). Bill Putnam introduced the design in 1966 and at the time it was the first peak limiter based on all transistor circuit (Universal Audio 2009). Many engineers attribute its famous sound to the FET and fast time constants and despite being through many revisions it is still a studio staple today. This paper aims to investigate why the 1176 is so widely used in production and will attempt to define its particular sonic signature. Due to the nature of popular music production and its under researched status in academia, information will primarily be gathered from textbooks and interviews given by contemporary music producers. From this information the author will attempt to ascertain how producers use the 1176 and undertake a series of subjective listening tests to verify their views.
Original languageUndefined
JournalJournal on the Art of Record Production
Issue number6
Early online date1 May 2012
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jun 2012
EventThe 7th Art of Record Production Conference - San Francisco State University, San Francisco, United States
Duration: 2 Dec 20114 Dec 2011
Conference number: 7
http://www.artofrecordproduction.com/aorpjoom/arp-conferences/arp-2011

Cite this

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title = "All Buttons In: An Investigation Into The Use Of The 1176 FET Compressor In Popular Music Production",
abstract = "The Urei/Universal Audio 1176 is one of the most revered and popular compressors used in music production (Senior 2009). Bill Putnam introduced the design in 1966 and at the time it was the first peak limiter based on all transistor circuit (Universal Audio 2009). Many engineers attribute its famous sound to the FET and fast time constants and despite being through many revisions it is still a studio staple today. This paper aims to investigate why the 1176 is so widely used in production and will attempt to define its particular sonic signature. Due to the nature of popular music production and its under researched status in academia, information will primarily be gathered from textbooks and interviews given by contemporary music producers. From this information the author will attempt to ascertain how producers use the 1176 and undertake a series of subjective listening tests to verify their views.",
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N2 - The Urei/Universal Audio 1176 is one of the most revered and popular compressors used in music production (Senior 2009). Bill Putnam introduced the design in 1966 and at the time it was the first peak limiter based on all transistor circuit (Universal Audio 2009). Many engineers attribute its famous sound to the FET and fast time constants and despite being through many revisions it is still a studio staple today. This paper aims to investigate why the 1176 is so widely used in production and will attempt to define its particular sonic signature. Due to the nature of popular music production and its under researched status in academia, information will primarily be gathered from textbooks and interviews given by contemporary music producers. From this information the author will attempt to ascertain how producers use the 1176 and undertake a series of subjective listening tests to verify their views.

AB - The Urei/Universal Audio 1176 is one of the most revered and popular compressors used in music production (Senior 2009). Bill Putnam introduced the design in 1966 and at the time it was the first peak limiter based on all transistor circuit (Universal Audio 2009). Many engineers attribute its famous sound to the FET and fast time constants and despite being through many revisions it is still a studio staple today. This paper aims to investigate why the 1176 is so widely used in production and will attempt to define its particular sonic signature. Due to the nature of popular music production and its under researched status in academia, information will primarily be gathered from textbooks and interviews given by contemporary music producers. From this information the author will attempt to ascertain how producers use the 1176 and undertake a series of subjective listening tests to verify their views.

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