An α -moving total least squares fitting method for measurement data

Tianqi Gu, Chenjie Hu, Dawei Tang, Shuwen Lin, Tianzhi Luo

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)


The Moving Least Squares (MLS) and Moving Total Least Squares (MTLS) method are widely used for approximating discrete data in many areas such as surface reconstruction. One of the disadvantages of MLS is that it only considers the random errors in the dependent variables. The MTLS method achieves a better fitting accuracy by taking into account the errors of both dependent and independent variables. However, both MLS and MTLS suffer from a low fitting accuracy when applied to the measurement data with outliers. In this work, an improved method named as α-MTLS method is proposed, which uses the Total Least Square (TLS) method based on singular value decomposition (SVD) to fit the nodes in the influence domain and introduces a geometric characteristic parameter α to associated with the abnormal degree of nodes. The generated fitting points are used to construct the parameter and quantify the abnormal degree of the nodes. The node with the largest parameter value is eliminated and the remaining nodes are used to determine the local coefficients. By trimming only one node per influence domain, multiple outliers of measurement data can be effectively handled. There is no need to set threshold values subjectively or assign weights which avoids the negative influence of manual operation. The performance of the improved method is demonstrated by numerical simulations and measurement experiment. It is shown that the α-MTLS method can effectively reduce the influence of the outliers and thus has higher fitting accuracy and greater robustness than that of the MLS and MTLS method.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)65-72
Number of pages8
JournalProceedings of the Institution of Mechanical Engineers, Part B: Journal of Engineering Manufacture
Issue number1-2
Early online date20 Aug 2020
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2021


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