An adaptive and VANETs-based Next Road Re-routing system for unexpected urban traffic congestion avoidance

Shen Wang, Soufiene Djahel, Jennifer McManis

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contributionpeer-review

17 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Unexpected road traffic congestion caused by en-route events, such as car crashes, road works, unplanned parades etc., is a real challenge in today's urban road networks as it considerably increases the drivers' travel time and decreases travel time reliability. To face this challenge, this paper extends our previous work named Next Road Rerouting (NRR) by designing a novel vehicle rerouting strategy that can adapt itself to the sudden change of urban road traffic conditions. This is achieved through a smart calibration of the algorithmic and operational parameters of NRR without any intervention from traffic managers. Specifically, a coefficient of variation based method is used to assign weight values to three factors in the routing cost function of NRR, and the k-means algorithm is applied periodically to choose the number of NRR enabled agents needed. This adaptive-NRR (a-NRR) strategy is supported by vehicular ad-hoc networks (VANETs) technology as this latter can provide rich traffic information at much higher update frequency and much larger coverage than induction loops used in the previously proposed static NRR. Simulation results show that in the city center area of TAPASCologne scenario, compared to the existing vehicle navigation system (VNS) and static NRR, our adaptive-NRR can achieve considerable gain in terms of trip time reduction and travel time reliability improvement.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publication2015 IEEE Vehicular Networking Conference, VNC 2015
EditorsOnur Altintas, Frank Kargl, Eylem Ekici, Christoph Sommer, Michele Segata
PublisherInstitute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc.
Pages196-203
Number of pages8
ISBN (Electronic)9781467394109, 9781467394116
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 21 Jan 2016
Externally publishedYes
EventIEEE Vehicular Networking Conference 2015 - Kyoto, Japan
Duration: 16 Dec 201518 Dec 2015

Publication series

NameIEEE Vehicular Networking Conference, VNC
Volume2016-January
ISSN (Print)2157-9857
ISSN (Electronic)2157-9865

Conference

ConferenceIEEE Vehicular Networking Conference 2015
Abbreviated titleVNC 2015
Country/TerritoryJapan
CityKyoto
Period16/12/1518/12/15

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