An Autonomous Approach to Observing the Seasonal Ice Zone in the Western Arctic

Craig Lee, Jim Thomson, Kyoung Ho Cho, Sylvia Cole, Martin Doble, Lee Freitag, Hans Graber, Byongjun Hwang, Steve Jayne, Sung Ho Kang, Joo Hong Kim, Rick Krishfield, Craig Lee, Ted Maksym, Wieslaw Maslowski, Breckner Owens, Mary Jane Perry, Pam Posey, Luc Rainville, Jackie Richter-Menge & 30 others Andrew Roberts, Axel Schweiger, William Shaw, Timothy Stanton, Michael Steele, Mary Louise Timmermans, John Toole, Peter Wadhams, Jeremy Wilkinson, Eun Jin Yang, Jinlun Zhang, Stephen Ackley, Fabrice Ardhuin, Fanny Girard Ardhuin, Alexander Babanin, Tripp Collins, Christopher Fairall, Johannes Gemmrich, Peter Guest, Benjamin Holt, Susanne Lehner, Michael Meylan, Fabien Montiel, William Perrie, Ola Persson, Erick Rogers, Hayley Shen, Hui Shen, Vernon Squire, Sharon Stammerjohn

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

8 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The Marginal Ice Zone and Arctic Sea State programs examined the processes that govern evolution of the rapidly changing seasonal ice zone in the Beaufort Sea. Autonomous platforms operating from the ice and within the water column collected measurements across the atmosphere-ice-ocean system and provided the persistence to sample continuously through the springtime retreat and autumn advance of sea ice. Autonomous platforms also allowed operational modalities that reduced the field programs’ logistical requirements. Observations indicate that thermodynamics, especially the radiative balances of the ice-albedo feedback, govern the seasonal cycle of sea ice, with the role of surface waves confined to specific events. Continuous sampling from winter into autumn also reveals the imprint of winter ice conditions and fracturing on summertime floe size distribution. These programs demonstrate effective use of integrated systems of autonomous platforms for persistent, multiscale Arctic observing. Networks of autonomous systems are well suited to capturing the vast scales of variability inherent in the Arctic system.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)56-68
Number of pages13
JournalOceanography
Volume30
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jun 2017

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ice
sea ice
atmosphere-ice-ocean system
autumn
marginal ice zone
sea state
winter
surface wave
albedo
persistence
thermodynamics
water column
sampling
programme
sea

Cite this

Lee, C., Thomson, J., Cho, K. H., Cole, S., Doble, M., Freitag, L., ... Stammerjohn, S. (2017). An Autonomous Approach to Observing the Seasonal Ice Zone in the Western Arctic. Oceanography, 30(2), 56-68. https://doi.org/10.5670/OCEANOG.2017.222
Lee, Craig ; Thomson, Jim ; Cho, Kyoung Ho ; Cole, Sylvia ; Doble, Martin ; Freitag, Lee ; Graber, Hans ; Hwang, Byongjun ; Jayne, Steve ; Kang, Sung Ho ; Kim, Joo Hong ; Krishfield, Rick ; Lee, Craig ; Maksym, Ted ; Maslowski, Wieslaw ; Owens, Breckner ; Perry, Mary Jane ; Posey, Pam ; Rainville, Luc ; Richter-Menge, Jackie ; Roberts, Andrew ; Schweiger, Axel ; Shaw, William ; Stanton, Timothy ; Steele, Michael ; Timmermans, Mary Louise ; Toole, John ; Wadhams, Peter ; Wilkinson, Jeremy ; Yang, Eun Jin ; Zhang, Jinlun ; Ackley, Stephen ; Ardhuin, Fabrice ; Ardhuin, Fanny Girard ; Babanin, Alexander ; Collins, Tripp ; Fairall, Christopher ; Gemmrich, Johannes ; Guest, Peter ; Holt, Benjamin ; Lehner, Susanne ; Meylan, Michael ; Montiel, Fabien ; Perrie, William ; Persson, Ola ; Rogers, Erick ; Shen, Hayley ; Shen, Hui ; Squire, Vernon ; Stammerjohn, Sharon. / An Autonomous Approach to Observing the Seasonal Ice Zone in the Western Arctic. In: Oceanography. 2017 ; Vol. 30, No. 2. pp. 56-68.
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title = "An Autonomous Approach to Observing the Seasonal Ice Zone in the Western Arctic",
abstract = "The Marginal Ice Zone and Arctic Sea State programs examined the processes that govern evolution of the rapidly changing seasonal ice zone in the Beaufort Sea. Autonomous platforms operating from the ice and within the water column collected measurements across the atmosphere-ice-ocean system and provided the persistence to sample continuously through the springtime retreat and autumn advance of sea ice. Autonomous platforms also allowed operational modalities that reduced the field programs’ logistical requirements. Observations indicate that thermodynamics, especially the radiative balances of the ice-albedo feedback, govern the seasonal cycle of sea ice, with the role of surface waves confined to specific events. Continuous sampling from winter into autumn also reveals the imprint of winter ice conditions and fracturing on summertime floe size distribution. These programs demonstrate effective use of integrated systems of autonomous platforms for persistent, multiscale Arctic observing. Networks of autonomous systems are well suited to capturing the vast scales of variability inherent in the Arctic system.",
author = "Craig Lee and Jim Thomson and Cho, {Kyoung Ho} and Sylvia Cole and Martin Doble and Lee Freitag and Hans Graber and Byongjun Hwang and Steve Jayne and Kang, {Sung Ho} and Kim, {Joo Hong} and Rick Krishfield and Craig Lee and Ted Maksym and Wieslaw Maslowski and Breckner Owens and Perry, {Mary Jane} and Pam Posey and Luc Rainville and Jackie Richter-Menge and Andrew Roberts and Axel Schweiger and William Shaw and Timothy Stanton and Michael Steele and Timmermans, {Mary Louise} and John Toole and Peter Wadhams and Jeremy Wilkinson and Yang, {Eun Jin} and Jinlun Zhang and Stephen Ackley and Fabrice Ardhuin and Ardhuin, {Fanny Girard} and Alexander Babanin and Tripp Collins and Christopher Fairall and Johannes Gemmrich and Peter Guest and Benjamin Holt and Susanne Lehner and Michael Meylan and Fabien Montiel and William Perrie and Ola Persson and Erick Rogers and Hayley Shen and Hui Shen and Vernon Squire and Sharon Stammerjohn",
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Lee, C, Thomson, J, Cho, KH, Cole, S, Doble, M, Freitag, L, Graber, H, Hwang, B, Jayne, S, Kang, SH, Kim, JH, Krishfield, R, Lee, C, Maksym, T, Maslowski, W, Owens, B, Perry, MJ, Posey, P, Rainville, L, Richter-Menge, J, Roberts, A, Schweiger, A, Shaw, W, Stanton, T, Steele, M, Timmermans, ML, Toole, J, Wadhams, P, Wilkinson, J, Yang, EJ, Zhang, J, Ackley, S, Ardhuin, F, Ardhuin, FG, Babanin, A, Collins, T, Fairall, C, Gemmrich, J, Guest, P, Holt, B, Lehner, S, Meylan, M, Montiel, F, Perrie, W, Persson, O, Rogers, E, Shen, H, Shen, H, Squire, V & Stammerjohn, S 2017, 'An Autonomous Approach to Observing the Seasonal Ice Zone in the Western Arctic', Oceanography, vol. 30, no. 2, pp. 56-68. https://doi.org/10.5670/OCEANOG.2017.222

An Autonomous Approach to Observing the Seasonal Ice Zone in the Western Arctic. / Lee, Craig; Thomson, Jim; Cho, Kyoung Ho; Cole, Sylvia; Doble, Martin; Freitag, Lee; Graber, Hans; Hwang, Byongjun; Jayne, Steve; Kang, Sung Ho; Kim, Joo Hong; Krishfield, Rick; Lee, Craig; Maksym, Ted; Maslowski, Wieslaw; Owens, Breckner; Perry, Mary Jane; Posey, Pam; Rainville, Luc; Richter-Menge, Jackie; Roberts, Andrew; Schweiger, Axel; Shaw, William; Stanton, Timothy; Steele, Michael; Timmermans, Mary Louise; Toole, John; Wadhams, Peter; Wilkinson, Jeremy; Yang, Eun Jin; Zhang, Jinlun; Ackley, Stephen; Ardhuin, Fabrice; Ardhuin, Fanny Girard; Babanin, Alexander; Collins, Tripp; Fairall, Christopher; Gemmrich, Johannes; Guest, Peter; Holt, Benjamin; Lehner, Susanne; Meylan, Michael; Montiel, Fabien; Perrie, William; Persson, Ola; Rogers, Erick; Shen, Hayley; Shen, Hui; Squire, Vernon; Stammerjohn, Sharon.

In: Oceanography, Vol. 30, No. 2, 01.06.2017, p. 56-68.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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AU - Lee, Craig

AU - Thomson, Jim

AU - Cho, Kyoung Ho

AU - Cole, Sylvia

AU - Doble, Martin

AU - Freitag, Lee

AU - Graber, Hans

AU - Hwang, Byongjun

AU - Jayne, Steve

AU - Kang, Sung Ho

AU - Kim, Joo Hong

AU - Krishfield, Rick

AU - Lee, Craig

AU - Maksym, Ted

AU - Maslowski, Wieslaw

AU - Owens, Breckner

AU - Perry, Mary Jane

AU - Posey, Pam

AU - Rainville, Luc

AU - Richter-Menge, Jackie

AU - Roberts, Andrew

AU - Schweiger, Axel

AU - Shaw, William

AU - Stanton, Timothy

AU - Steele, Michael

AU - Timmermans, Mary Louise

AU - Toole, John

AU - Wadhams, Peter

AU - Wilkinson, Jeremy

AU - Yang, Eun Jin

AU - Zhang, Jinlun

AU - Ackley, Stephen

AU - Ardhuin, Fabrice

AU - Ardhuin, Fanny Girard

AU - Babanin, Alexander

AU - Collins, Tripp

AU - Fairall, Christopher

AU - Gemmrich, Johannes

AU - Guest, Peter

AU - Holt, Benjamin

AU - Lehner, Susanne

AU - Meylan, Michael

AU - Montiel, Fabien

AU - Perrie, William

AU - Persson, Ola

AU - Rogers, Erick

AU - Shen, Hayley

AU - Shen, Hui

AU - Squire, Vernon

AU - Stammerjohn, Sharon

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AB - The Marginal Ice Zone and Arctic Sea State programs examined the processes that govern evolution of the rapidly changing seasonal ice zone in the Beaufort Sea. Autonomous platforms operating from the ice and within the water column collected measurements across the atmosphere-ice-ocean system and provided the persistence to sample continuously through the springtime retreat and autumn advance of sea ice. Autonomous platforms also allowed operational modalities that reduced the field programs’ logistical requirements. Observations indicate that thermodynamics, especially the radiative balances of the ice-albedo feedback, govern the seasonal cycle of sea ice, with the role of surface waves confined to specific events. Continuous sampling from winter into autumn also reveals the imprint of winter ice conditions and fracturing on summertime floe size distribution. These programs demonstrate effective use of integrated systems of autonomous platforms for persistent, multiscale Arctic observing. Networks of autonomous systems are well suited to capturing the vast scales of variability inherent in the Arctic system.

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U2 - 10.5670/OCEANOG.2017.222

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Lee C, Thomson J, Cho KH, Cole S, Doble M, Freitag L et al. An Autonomous Approach to Observing the Seasonal Ice Zone in the Western Arctic. Oceanography. 2017 Jun 1;30(2):56-68. https://doi.org/10.5670/OCEANOG.2017.222