An empirical framework of control methods of victims of human trafficking for sexual exploitation

Maria Ioannou, Miriam S D Oostinga

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

5 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Although human trafficking for sexual exploitation is a frequently discussed area in current research, especially on the way that human traffickers control their victims, a recurrent problem is the lack of empirical basis. The present study examines control methods (or conditions) used against 137 victims of human trafficking for sexual exploitation. A multidimensional scaling analysis (smallest space analysis (SSA-I)) of 23 control methods (and conditions) derived from a content analysis of police files from the Netherlands revealed three distinct forms of control. These could be interpreted in terms of Canter’s Victim Role model that has been the basis for differentiating offending styles in other violent interpersonal offences. Further analysis showed a relationship between these control styles and different types of prostitution. The three Victim as Object, Victim as Vehicle and Victim as Person modes are consistent with different control methods identified in previous research.

LanguageEnglish
Pages34-49
Number of pages16
JournalGlobal Crime
Volume16
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2 Jan 2015

Fingerprint

exploitation
multidimensional scaling
prostitution
role model
content analysis
police
Netherlands
offense
human being
lack

Cite this

@article{a2b549739c0241efafc78c4fd2d8cbd7,
title = "An empirical framework of control methods of victims of human trafficking for sexual exploitation",
abstract = "Although human trafficking for sexual exploitation is a frequently discussed area in current research, especially on the way that human traffickers control their victims, a recurrent problem is the lack of empirical basis. The present study examines control methods (or conditions) used against 137 victims of human trafficking for sexual exploitation. A multidimensional scaling analysis (smallest space analysis (SSA-I)) of 23 control methods (and conditions) derived from a content analysis of police files from the Netherlands revealed three distinct forms of control. These could be interpreted in terms of Canter’s Victim Role model that has been the basis for differentiating offending styles in other violent interpersonal offences. Further analysis showed a relationship between these control styles and different types of prostitution. The three Victim as Object, Victim as Vehicle and Victim as Person modes are consistent with different control methods identified in previous research.",
keywords = "control methods, control/offending style, human trafficking, sexual exploitation, victim role model",
author = "Maria Ioannou and Oostinga, {Miriam S D}",
year = "2015",
month = "1",
day = "2",
doi = "10.1080/17440572.2014.979915",
language = "English",
volume = "16",
pages = "34--49",
journal = "Global Crime",
issn = "1744-0572",
publisher = "Routledge",
number = "1",

}

An empirical framework of control methods of victims of human trafficking for sexual exploitation. / Ioannou, Maria; Oostinga, Miriam S D.

In: Global Crime, Vol. 16, No. 1, 02.01.2015, p. 34-49.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

TY - JOUR

T1 - An empirical framework of control methods of victims of human trafficking for sexual exploitation

AU - Ioannou, Maria

AU - Oostinga, Miriam S D

PY - 2015/1/2

Y1 - 2015/1/2

N2 - Although human trafficking for sexual exploitation is a frequently discussed area in current research, especially on the way that human traffickers control their victims, a recurrent problem is the lack of empirical basis. The present study examines control methods (or conditions) used against 137 victims of human trafficking for sexual exploitation. A multidimensional scaling analysis (smallest space analysis (SSA-I)) of 23 control methods (and conditions) derived from a content analysis of police files from the Netherlands revealed three distinct forms of control. These could be interpreted in terms of Canter’s Victim Role model that has been the basis for differentiating offending styles in other violent interpersonal offences. Further analysis showed a relationship between these control styles and different types of prostitution. The three Victim as Object, Victim as Vehicle and Victim as Person modes are consistent with different control methods identified in previous research.

AB - Although human trafficking for sexual exploitation is a frequently discussed area in current research, especially on the way that human traffickers control their victims, a recurrent problem is the lack of empirical basis. The present study examines control methods (or conditions) used against 137 victims of human trafficking for sexual exploitation. A multidimensional scaling analysis (smallest space analysis (SSA-I)) of 23 control methods (and conditions) derived from a content analysis of police files from the Netherlands revealed three distinct forms of control. These could be interpreted in terms of Canter’s Victim Role model that has been the basis for differentiating offending styles in other violent interpersonal offences. Further analysis showed a relationship between these control styles and different types of prostitution. The three Victim as Object, Victim as Vehicle and Victim as Person modes are consistent with different control methods identified in previous research.

KW - control methods

KW - control/offending style

KW - human trafficking

KW - sexual exploitation

KW - victim role model

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=84914700133&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1080/17440572.2014.979915

DO - 10.1080/17440572.2014.979915

M3 - Article

VL - 16

SP - 34

EP - 49

JO - Global Crime

T2 - Global Crime

JF - Global Crime

SN - 1744-0572

IS - 1

ER -