An Improved Cyclic Modulation Spectral Analysis Based on the CWT and its Application on Broken Rotor Bar Fault Diagnosis for Induction Motors

Dong Zhen, Zuolu Wang, Haiyang Li, Hao Zhang, Jie Yang, Fengshou Gu

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

8 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Induction motors (IMs) are widely used in many manufacturing processes and industrial applications. The harsh work environment, long-time enduring, and overloads mean that it is subjected to broken rotor bar (BRB) faults. The vibration signal of IMs with BRB faults consists of the reliable modulation information used for fault diagnosis. Cyclostationary analysis has been found to be effective in identifying and extracting fault feature. The estimators of cyclic modulation spectrum (CMS) and fast spectral correlation (FSC) based on the short-time fourier transform (STFT) have higher cyclic frequency resolution, which has proven efficient in demodulating second order cyclostationary (CS2) signals. However, these two estimators have limitations of processing the maximum cyclic frequency ffmax that is smaller than Fs/2 (Fs is the sampling frequency) according to Nyquist's Theorem. In addition, they have lower carrier frequency resolution due to the fixed window size used in STFT. In order to resolve the initial shortcomings of the CMS and FSC methods, in this paper, we extended the analysis of CMS algorithm based on the continuous wavelet transform (CWT), which enlarged the maximum cyclic frequency range to Fs/2 and provides higher carrier frequency resolution because the CWT has the advantage of multi-resolution analysis. The reliability and applicability of the proposed method for fault components localization were validated by CS2 simulation signals. Compared to CMS and FSC methods, the proposed approach shows better performance by analyzing vibration signals between healthy motor and faulty motor with one BRB fault under 0%, 20%, 40%, and 80% load conditions.

Original languageEnglish
Article number3902
Number of pages15
JournalApplied Sciences (Switzerland)
Volume9
Issue number18
Early online date17 Sep 2019
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 17 Sep 2019

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