An investigation of drug compact topography as relates to intrinsic dissolution rates determined by dissolution imaging

Benedict Brown, Zayeem Fazili, Adam Ward, Karl Walton, Liam Blunt, Jesper Østergaard, Kofi Asare-Addo

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

The purpose of this study was to characterize compact surfaces (surface roughness) and study its potential importance to the intrinsic dissolution rate (IDR) as determined by dissolution imaging. To this end, the effect of varying compaction pressures and the use of two stainless-steel surfaces with different textures/roughness on the intrinsic dissolution were investigated. Ketoprofen (KET), paracetamol (PAR) and ibuprofen (IBU) were compacted and a focus variation microscope used to determine the surface topology of the compacts. IDR determination was conducted using a surface dissolution imaging apparatus with the flow-through set up in phosphate buffer at pH 7.2 and at 37 °C. The results indicated a general decrease in the surface area of the drug compacts with an increase in compaction force (p values < 0.05 for IBU and PAR but not KET). This change in surface area was measured using the Sdr parameter, which can be defined as the developed interfacial area. The smoother stainless-steel plate insert produced significantly smoother compacts for KET (Sdr decreased from 0.30% to 0.07%). However, PAR and IBU compacts showed an increase in their Sdr values from 3.94% to 17.90% and from 0.60% to 0.83%, respectively, suggesting the changes in surface properties to be drug specific relating to poor compaction properties and elasticity. The dissolution studies suggested that low compaction forces were not suitable for PAR. Overall changes in the surface topology did not have a significant effect on the obtained IDR values.

Original languageEnglish
Article number102143
JournalJournal of Drug Delivery Science and Technology
Early online date10 Oct 2020
DOIs
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 10 Oct 2020

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