An investigation of the orthogonal outputs from an on-rotor MEMS accelerometer for reciprocating compressor condition monitoring

G. Feng, Niaoqing Hu, Z. Mones, F. Gu, Andrew Ball

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

10 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

With rapid development in electronics and microelectromechanical systems (MEMS) technology, it becomes possible and attractive to monitor rotor dynamics by directly installing MEMS accelerometers on rotors. This paper studies the mathematical modelling of the orthogonal outputs from an on-rotor MEMS accelerometer and proposes a method to eliminate the gravitational acceleration projected on the measurement axes. This is achieved by shifting the output in the normal direction by π/2 using a Hilbert transform and then combining it with the output of the tangential direction. With further compensation of the combined signal in the frequency domain, the tangential acceleration of the rotor is reconstructed to a high degree of accuracy. Experimental results show that the crankshaft tangential acceleration of a reciprocating compressor, obtained by the proposed method, can discriminate clearly between different discharge pressures and hence can allow common leakage faults to be detected, located and diagnosed for online condition monitoring purposes.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)228-241
Number of pages14
JournalMechanical Systems and Signal Processing
Volume76-77
Early online date10 Feb 2016
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Aug 2016

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Reciprocating compressors
Condition monitoring
Accelerometers
MEMS
Rotors
Crankshafts
Electronic equipment

Cite this

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title = "An investigation of the orthogonal outputs from an on-rotor MEMS accelerometer for reciprocating compressor condition monitoring",
abstract = "With rapid development in electronics and microelectromechanical systems (MEMS) technology, it becomes possible and attractive to monitor rotor dynamics by directly installing MEMS accelerometers on rotors. This paper studies the mathematical modelling of the orthogonal outputs from an on-rotor MEMS accelerometer and proposes a method to eliminate the gravitational acceleration projected on the measurement axes. This is achieved by shifting the output in the normal direction by π/2 using a Hilbert transform and then combining it with the output of the tangential direction. With further compensation of the combined signal in the frequency domain, the tangential acceleration of the rotor is reconstructed to a high degree of accuracy. Experimental results show that the crankshaft tangential acceleration of a reciprocating compressor, obtained by the proposed method, can discriminate clearly between different discharge pressures and hence can allow common leakage faults to be detected, located and diagnosed for online condition monitoring purposes.",
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An investigation of the orthogonal outputs from an on-rotor MEMS accelerometer for reciprocating compressor condition monitoring. / Feng, G.; Hu, Niaoqing; Mones, Z.; Gu, F.; Ball, Andrew.

In: Mechanical Systems and Signal Processing, Vol. 76-77, 08.2016, p. 228-241.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

TY - JOUR

T1 - An investigation of the orthogonal outputs from an on-rotor MEMS accelerometer for reciprocating compressor condition monitoring

AU - Feng, G.

AU - Hu, Niaoqing

AU - Mones, Z.

AU - Gu, F.

AU - Ball, Andrew

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KW - Compressor monitoring

KW - Fault detection

KW - Gravitational acceleration cancelation

KW - Hilbert transform

KW - MEMS accelerometer

KW - On-rotor measurement

KW - Tangential acceleration

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