An IoT Enabled Traffic Light Controllers Synchronization Method for Road Traffic Congestion Mitigation

Dex R. Aleko, Soufiene Djahel

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contributionpeer-review

7 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Road traffic congestion is among the most challenging issues of the 21st century due to its devastating impact on the environment, the economy and the population health. To support the ongoing efforts in efficiently dealing with this issue we leverage the Internet of Things (IoT) sensing capabilities and develop an original synchronisation method to efficiently adapt traffic light phases in a way that significantly reduce urban road traffic congestion. We particularly focus on reducing congestion in city centres during afternoon peak hours where most drivers travel using arterial roads to exit the city centre to reach their homes. We achieved this by designing a novel Traffic Lights Controller (TLC) synchronization system that allows vehicles leaving the city centre to travel a long distance without stopping (i.e., minimizing the number of occurrence of 'stop and go' phenomenon). The performance evaluation results of our method using the microscopic road traffic simulator SUMO reveal that it achieves a reduction of up to 39% in the average travel time compared to non-synchronized fixed time TLCs.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publication5th IEEE International Smart Cities Conference, ISC2 2019
PublisherInstitute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc.
Pages709-715
Number of pages7
ISBN (Electronic)9781728108469, 9781728108452
ISBN (Print)9781728108476
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 20 Apr 2020
Externally publishedYes
Event5th IEEE International Smart Cities Conference - Casablanca, Morocco
Duration: 14 Oct 201917 Oct 2019
Conference number: 5

Publication series

NameIEEE International Smart Cities Conference, ISC2
PublisherIEEE
ISSN (Print)2687-8852
ISSN (Electronic)2687-8860

Conference

Conference5th IEEE International Smart Cities Conference
Abbreviated titleISC2 2019
Country/TerritoryMorocco
CityCasablanca
Period14/10/1917/10/19

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