Analysis of the relationship between nurse influences over flexible working and commitment to nursing

Ian Brooks, Stephen Swailes

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

33 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background. The paper explores the theoretical and practical bases of both commitment and control within the context of temporal aspects of flexible working in nursing. Aim. The aims of the paper are to examine the relationships between nurses' shift patterns, influence over shift pattern and realization of shift preference and commitment to nursing. Methods. Data were collected through a postal questionnaire completed by 2987 British nurses employed in hospitals, care homes and hospices. Principal components analysis was used to identify common factors among responses to a series of 33 statements about working life. Data were analysed using ANOVA and multiple regression techniques. Results. Permanent night shift nurses reported lower levels of commitment to nursing. As predicted, influence over shift patterns and realization of preferred shift pattern were positively associated with commitment to nursing, although the relationship was weak. Positive perceptions of career development opportunities were a stronger predictor of commitment to nursing. Results are discussed in light of previous ethnographic research on nurses' shift patterns. Conclusion. The opportunity to explore quantitatively the effects of shift-related decisions on commitment using a large sample is useful. While influence and shift type were predictors of commitment, the positive impact they were expected to have was smaller than expected. Similarly, the negative effects of not having influence or of working permanent night shifts were smaller than expected and the statistical significance of such small effects relies heavily on the large sample obtained. Other variables, particularly career development prospects, outweigh the influence of shift-related variables on commitment. The research gives a clear message to human resource managers involved with nurse management: so long as nurses have a strong perception of career development potential the otherwise negative influences of shift impact can be minimized.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)117-126
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Advanced Nursing
Volume38
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 8 Apr 2002
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Nursing
Nurses
Hospice Care
Home Care Services
Principal Component Analysis
Research
Analysis of Variance

Cite this

@article{9da657af0b1d4f8dae6adbc68d1f2c6e,
title = "Analysis of the relationship between nurse influences over flexible working and commitment to nursing",
abstract = "Background. The paper explores the theoretical and practical bases of both commitment and control within the context of temporal aspects of flexible working in nursing. Aim. The aims of the paper are to examine the relationships between nurses' shift patterns, influence over shift pattern and realization of shift preference and commitment to nursing. Methods. Data were collected through a postal questionnaire completed by 2987 British nurses employed in hospitals, care homes and hospices. Principal components analysis was used to identify common factors among responses to a series of 33 statements about working life. Data were analysed using ANOVA and multiple regression techniques. Results. Permanent night shift nurses reported lower levels of commitment to nursing. As predicted, influence over shift patterns and realization of preferred shift pattern were positively associated with commitment to nursing, although the relationship was weak. Positive perceptions of career development opportunities were a stronger predictor of commitment to nursing. Results are discussed in light of previous ethnographic research on nurses' shift patterns. Conclusion. The opportunity to explore quantitatively the effects of shift-related decisions on commitment using a large sample is useful. While influence and shift type were predictors of commitment, the positive impact they were expected to have was smaller than expected. Similarly, the negative effects of not having influence or of working permanent night shifts were smaller than expected and the statistical significance of such small effects relies heavily on the large sample obtained. Other variables, particularly career development prospects, outweigh the influence of shift-related variables on commitment. The research gives a clear message to human resource managers involved with nurse management: so long as nurses have a strong perception of career development potential the otherwise negative influences of shift impact can be minimized.",
keywords = "Career development, Choice, Human resource management, Night shift, Nursing, Professional commitment, Shift work",
author = "Ian Brooks and Stephen Swailes",
year = "2002",
month = "4",
day = "8",
doi = "10.1046/j.1365-2648.2002.02155.x",
language = "English",
volume = "38",
pages = "117--126",
journal = "Journal of Advanced Nursing",
issn = "0309-2402",
publisher = "Wiley-Blackwell",
number = "2",

}

Analysis of the relationship between nurse influences over flexible working and commitment to nursing. / Brooks, Ian; Swailes, Stephen.

In: Journal of Advanced Nursing, Vol. 38, No. 2, 08.04.2002, p. 117-126.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

TY - JOUR

T1 - Analysis of the relationship between nurse influences over flexible working and commitment to nursing

AU - Brooks, Ian

AU - Swailes, Stephen

PY - 2002/4/8

Y1 - 2002/4/8

N2 - Background. The paper explores the theoretical and practical bases of both commitment and control within the context of temporal aspects of flexible working in nursing. Aim. The aims of the paper are to examine the relationships between nurses' shift patterns, influence over shift pattern and realization of shift preference and commitment to nursing. Methods. Data were collected through a postal questionnaire completed by 2987 British nurses employed in hospitals, care homes and hospices. Principal components analysis was used to identify common factors among responses to a series of 33 statements about working life. Data were analysed using ANOVA and multiple regression techniques. Results. Permanent night shift nurses reported lower levels of commitment to nursing. As predicted, influence over shift patterns and realization of preferred shift pattern were positively associated with commitment to nursing, although the relationship was weak. Positive perceptions of career development opportunities were a stronger predictor of commitment to nursing. Results are discussed in light of previous ethnographic research on nurses' shift patterns. Conclusion. The opportunity to explore quantitatively the effects of shift-related decisions on commitment using a large sample is useful. While influence and shift type were predictors of commitment, the positive impact they were expected to have was smaller than expected. Similarly, the negative effects of not having influence or of working permanent night shifts were smaller than expected and the statistical significance of such small effects relies heavily on the large sample obtained. Other variables, particularly career development prospects, outweigh the influence of shift-related variables on commitment. The research gives a clear message to human resource managers involved with nurse management: so long as nurses have a strong perception of career development potential the otherwise negative influences of shift impact can be minimized.

AB - Background. The paper explores the theoretical and practical bases of both commitment and control within the context of temporal aspects of flexible working in nursing. Aim. The aims of the paper are to examine the relationships between nurses' shift patterns, influence over shift pattern and realization of shift preference and commitment to nursing. Methods. Data were collected through a postal questionnaire completed by 2987 British nurses employed in hospitals, care homes and hospices. Principal components analysis was used to identify common factors among responses to a series of 33 statements about working life. Data were analysed using ANOVA and multiple regression techniques. Results. Permanent night shift nurses reported lower levels of commitment to nursing. As predicted, influence over shift patterns and realization of preferred shift pattern were positively associated with commitment to nursing, although the relationship was weak. Positive perceptions of career development opportunities were a stronger predictor of commitment to nursing. Results are discussed in light of previous ethnographic research on nurses' shift patterns. Conclusion. The opportunity to explore quantitatively the effects of shift-related decisions on commitment using a large sample is useful. While influence and shift type were predictors of commitment, the positive impact they were expected to have was smaller than expected. Similarly, the negative effects of not having influence or of working permanent night shifts were smaller than expected and the statistical significance of such small effects relies heavily on the large sample obtained. Other variables, particularly career development prospects, outweigh the influence of shift-related variables on commitment. The research gives a clear message to human resource managers involved with nurse management: so long as nurses have a strong perception of career development potential the otherwise negative influences of shift impact can be minimized.

KW - Career development

KW - Choice

KW - Human resource management

KW - Night shift

KW - Nursing

KW - Professional commitment

KW - Shift work

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=0036547004&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1046/j.1365-2648.2002.02155.x

DO - 10.1046/j.1365-2648.2002.02155.x

M3 - Article

VL - 38

SP - 117

EP - 126

JO - Journal of Advanced Nursing

JF - Journal of Advanced Nursing

SN - 0309-2402

IS - 2

ER -