Analysis of Tinto's Student Integration Theory in First Year Undergraduate Computing Students of a UK Higher Education Institution

Alexandros Chrysikos, Ejaz Ahmed, Rupert Ward

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Purpose- Retention is one of the key performance indicators in university quality assurance processes. This study identifies causes leading to low retention rates for first year undergraduate computing students in a UK Higher Education Institution.

Design/methodology/approach- The study applies Tinto’s Student Integration Theory, and connects it with be- havioural patterns of students. Data was collected from 901 students using Pascarella and Terenzini’s question- naire (integration scales). This data was combined with student enrolment information and analysed using the Structural Equation Modelling (SEM) technique.

Findings- The study results indicate that Tinto’s Student Integration Theory is useful in analysing student reten- tion, but this accounts for only a modest amount of variance in retention. Nevertheless, important relationships amongst student’s initial and later academic goals and commitments have been identified through this new ap- proach to analysing retention. The largest direct effect on retention was accounted for by initial goals and institu- tional commitments, followed by later goals and institutional commitments. In addition, the results show that academic and social integration constructs can have an influence on the student retention processes. When all, or some, of these relationships are operating towards students’ benefit, appropriate services or programmes, such as student support systems, can have their maximum benefit.

Originality/value- The authors mapped behavioural related retention factors using a learning community lens. The study explored students’ social and learning experiences within the context of a UK Higher Education insti- tution by employing Tinto’s model. This is the first time the model has been tested in this context.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)97-121
Number of pages25
JournalInternational Journal of Comparative Education and Development
Volume19
Issue number2/3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Aug 2017

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questionnaire
university
methodology
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performance
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experience

Cite this

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abstract = "Purpose- Retention is one of the key performance indicators in university quality assurance processes. This study identifies causes leading to low retention rates for first year undergraduate computing students in a UK Higher Education Institution.Design/methodology/approach- The study applies Tinto’s Student Integration Theory, and connects it with be- havioural patterns of students. Data was collected from 901 students using Pascarella and Terenzini’s question- naire (integration scales). This data was combined with student enrolment information and analysed using the Structural Equation Modelling (SEM) technique.Findings- The study results indicate that Tinto’s Student Integration Theory is useful in analysing student reten- tion, but this accounts for only a modest amount of variance in retention. Nevertheless, important relationships amongst student’s initial and later academic goals and commitments have been identified through this new ap- proach to analysing retention. The largest direct effect on retention was accounted for by initial goals and institu- tional commitments, followed by later goals and institutional commitments. In addition, the results show that academic and social integration constructs can have an influence on the student retention processes. When all, or some, of these relationships are operating towards students’ benefit, appropriate services or programmes, such as student support systems, can have their maximum benefit.Originality/value- The authors mapped behavioural related retention factors using a learning community lens. The study explored students’ social and learning experiences within the context of a UK Higher Education insti- tution by employing Tinto’s model. This is the first time the model has been tested in this context.",
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