Ancient DNA suggests a recent expansion of European cattle from a diverse wild progenitor species

J. F. Bailey, M. B. Richards, V. A. Macaulay, I. B. Colson, I. T. James, D. G. Bradley, R. E.M. Hedges, B. C. Sykes

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

79 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

A total of 11 Bos primigenius and Bos taurus bones from archaeological sites between 500 and 12,000 years old were examined for the presence of DNA. It was possible to amplify and sequence mitochondrial control region DNA extracted from seven of the 11 samples, including two Pleistocene B. primigenius samples. We compared the results with published data by constructing phylogenetic networks. The two B. primigenius samples clustered with the extant B. taurus samples in the networks. The similarity between B. primigenius and modern taurine cattle confirms that these should be considered members of a single species. The sequences obtained from the B. taurus specimens were either identical to the reference sequence for modern European cattle or closely related to it. They included two sequences not previously documented. The network analysis of the ancient data highlights the intermediary nature of the B. primigenius sequences between modern European and African B. taurus and the proximity of the ancient DNA B. taurus sequences to modern European B. taurus. Further analysis of the extant data in the light of the ancient DNA results suggests that a degree of Pleistocene diversity survives in the extant European Bos population that is mainly derived from a more recent population expansion.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1467-1473
Number of pages7
JournalProceedings of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences
Volume263
Issue number1376
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 22 Nov 1996
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

cattle
DNA
Pleistocene
Taurine
network analysis
Electric network analysis
bone
Bone
phylogenetics
Ancient DNA
data analysis
Population
Bos
sampling
Bone and Bones
bones

Cite this

Bailey, J. F. ; Richards, M. B. ; Macaulay, V. A. ; Colson, I. B. ; James, I. T. ; Bradley, D. G. ; Hedges, R. E.M. ; Sykes, B. C. / Ancient DNA suggests a recent expansion of European cattle from a diverse wild progenitor species. In: Proceedings of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences. 1996 ; Vol. 263, No. 1376. pp. 1467-1473.
@article{c17770b82a304b1fa8641c8b7e1dac62,
title = "Ancient DNA suggests a recent expansion of European cattle from a diverse wild progenitor species",
abstract = "A total of 11 Bos primigenius and Bos taurus bones from archaeological sites between 500 and 12,000 years old were examined for the presence of DNA. It was possible to amplify and sequence mitochondrial control region DNA extracted from seven of the 11 samples, including two Pleistocene B. primigenius samples. We compared the results with published data by constructing phylogenetic networks. The two B. primigenius samples clustered with the extant B. taurus samples in the networks. The similarity between B. primigenius and modern taurine cattle confirms that these should be considered members of a single species. The sequences obtained from the B. taurus specimens were either identical to the reference sequence for modern European cattle or closely related to it. They included two sequences not previously documented. The network analysis of the ancient data highlights the intermediary nature of the B. primigenius sequences between modern European and African B. taurus and the proximity of the ancient DNA B. taurus sequences to modern European B. taurus. Further analysis of the extant data in the light of the ancient DNA results suggests that a degree of Pleistocene diversity survives in the extant European Bos population that is mainly derived from a more recent population expansion.",
author = "Bailey, {J. F.} and Richards, {M. B.} and Macaulay, {V. A.} and Colson, {I. B.} and James, {I. T.} and Bradley, {D. G.} and Hedges, {R. E.M.} and Sykes, {B. C.}",
year = "1996",
month = "11",
day = "22",
doi = "10.1098/rspb.1996.0214",
language = "English",
volume = "263",
pages = "1467--1473",
journal = "Proceedings of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences",
issn = "0962-8452",
publisher = "Royal Society of London",
number = "1376",

}

Ancient DNA suggests a recent expansion of European cattle from a diverse wild progenitor species. / Bailey, J. F.; Richards, M. B.; Macaulay, V. A.; Colson, I. B.; James, I. T.; Bradley, D. G.; Hedges, R. E.M.; Sykes, B. C.

In: Proceedings of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences, Vol. 263, No. 1376, 22.11.1996, p. 1467-1473.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

TY - JOUR

T1 - Ancient DNA suggests a recent expansion of European cattle from a diverse wild progenitor species

AU - Bailey, J. F.

AU - Richards, M. B.

AU - Macaulay, V. A.

AU - Colson, I. B.

AU - James, I. T.

AU - Bradley, D. G.

AU - Hedges, R. E.M.

AU - Sykes, B. C.

PY - 1996/11/22

Y1 - 1996/11/22

N2 - A total of 11 Bos primigenius and Bos taurus bones from archaeological sites between 500 and 12,000 years old were examined for the presence of DNA. It was possible to amplify and sequence mitochondrial control region DNA extracted from seven of the 11 samples, including two Pleistocene B. primigenius samples. We compared the results with published data by constructing phylogenetic networks. The two B. primigenius samples clustered with the extant B. taurus samples in the networks. The similarity between B. primigenius and modern taurine cattle confirms that these should be considered members of a single species. The sequences obtained from the B. taurus specimens were either identical to the reference sequence for modern European cattle or closely related to it. They included two sequences not previously documented. The network analysis of the ancient data highlights the intermediary nature of the B. primigenius sequences between modern European and African B. taurus and the proximity of the ancient DNA B. taurus sequences to modern European B. taurus. Further analysis of the extant data in the light of the ancient DNA results suggests that a degree of Pleistocene diversity survives in the extant European Bos population that is mainly derived from a more recent population expansion.

AB - A total of 11 Bos primigenius and Bos taurus bones from archaeological sites between 500 and 12,000 years old were examined for the presence of DNA. It was possible to amplify and sequence mitochondrial control region DNA extracted from seven of the 11 samples, including two Pleistocene B. primigenius samples. We compared the results with published data by constructing phylogenetic networks. The two B. primigenius samples clustered with the extant B. taurus samples in the networks. The similarity between B. primigenius and modern taurine cattle confirms that these should be considered members of a single species. The sequences obtained from the B. taurus specimens were either identical to the reference sequence for modern European cattle or closely related to it. They included two sequences not previously documented. The network analysis of the ancient data highlights the intermediary nature of the B. primigenius sequences between modern European and African B. taurus and the proximity of the ancient DNA B. taurus sequences to modern European B. taurus. Further analysis of the extant data in the light of the ancient DNA results suggests that a degree of Pleistocene diversity survives in the extant European Bos population that is mainly derived from a more recent population expansion.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=0029848079&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1098/rspb.1996.0214

DO - 10.1098/rspb.1996.0214

M3 - Article

VL - 263

SP - 1467

EP - 1473

JO - Proceedings of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences

JF - Proceedings of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences

SN - 0962-8452

IS - 1376

ER -