Area Spectral Efficiency of a Macro-Femto Heterogeneous Network for Cell-Edge Users under Shadowing and Fading Effects

Mfonobong C. Uko, Ubong S. Ukommi, Sunday C. Ekpo, Rupak Kharel

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Citations (Scopus)


The traditional macro-only network is not effective, especially when communication signal is required for users far away from the macrocell base station and located in the cell edge. The signal strength reaching these users is excessively attenuated due to fading and shadowing. The deployment of femtocells around the cell edge of this macrocell helps to reduce the effect of fading and shadowing thereby increasing the overall efficiency of the cellular network. This holds a great promise for adaptive space-based wireless sensor networks, formation-flying satellites and constellations.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1043-1047
Number of pages5
JournalApplied Computational Electromagnetics Society Journal
Issue number9
Publication statusPublished - 1 Sep 2016
Externally publishedYes

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