Areal surface measurement using multidirectional laser line scanning

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Abstract

The overall quality of a machined component has an important association with the quality of its surface finish. To obtain adequate data for the surface metrology of machined components, areal scanners are often preferred over stylus based profile scanners due to their ability to acquire surface data over a relatively large area. To further improve efficiency, there is a desire to perform on-machine measurement, and recently, high-resolution areal surface scanners have been integrated as an on-machine measurement device. Due to the limited areal coverage, these scanners can require multiple scans to capture data from surfaces produced on machine tools which requires a sufficient amount of time to complete a full surface scan. In addition, since these scanners are very sensitive, scanning delays often cause areal scanners to capture data contaminated with noise which may arise from within the machining environment such as axes vibrations, temperature effects, dust, etc. These factors mean such instruments are typically used in metrology laboratories. This paper presents a new methodology referred to as multidirectional scanning (MDS) which is a technique that exploits characteristics of a 2D laser line scanner (profilometer). The device is used in two directions to scan the overall component surface ensuring the coverage of a wider surface area compared to typical areal scanners. Since the scanner is robust and integrated onto a machine tool, controlled axes feed rates in the orthogonal directions ensure high spatial resolution which in turn helps to identify and reduce the noise levels in the data. This methodology has been validated to be both accurate and rapid to scan the component surface, reducing the cost associated with machine downtime and also having a wider coverage of 6x6 mm2 for a single scan, compared to 1 mm2 for most conventional areal surface measurement instruments having comparable spatial and vertical resolution.
LanguageEnglish
Title of host publicationLaser metrology and machine performance XII
Subtitle of host publicationPapers presented at the Twelfth International Conference and Exhibition on Laser Metrology, Coordinate Measuring Machine and Machine Tool Performance (LAMDAMAP 2017)
EditorsLiam Blunt, Wolfgang Knapp
Place of PublicationBedfordshire
Publishereuspen
Pages175-184
Number of pages10
ISBN (Print)9780956679093
Publication statusPublished - 15 Mar 2017
Event12th International Conference and Exhibition on Laser Metrology, Coordinate Measuring Machine and Machine Tool Performance - Renishaw Innovation Centre, Wotton-under-Edge, United Kingdom
Duration: 15 Mar 201716 Mar 2017
Conference number: 12
http://www.euspen.eu/events/lamdamap-12th-international-conference-exhibition/ (Link to Conference Details )

Conference

Conference12th International Conference and Exhibition on Laser Metrology, Coordinate Measuring Machine and Machine Tool Performance
Abbreviated titleLAMDAMAP 2017
CountryUnited Kingdom
CityWotton-under-Edge
Period15/03/1716/03/17
Internet address

Fingerprint

Surface measurement
Scanning
Lasers
Machine tools
Data acquisition
Thermal effects
Dust
Machining

Cite this

Akowua, K., Fletcher, S., Longstaff, A., & Mian, N. (2017). Areal surface measurement using multidirectional laser line scanning. In L. Blunt, & W. Knapp (Eds.), Laser metrology and machine performance XII: Papers presented at the Twelfth International Conference and Exhibition on Laser Metrology, Coordinate Measuring Machine and Machine Tool Performance (LAMDAMAP 2017) (pp. 175-184). Bedfordshire: euspen.
Akowua, Kwame ; Fletcher, Simon ; Longstaff, Andrew ; Mian, Naeem. / Areal surface measurement using multidirectional laser line scanning. Laser metrology and machine performance XII: Papers presented at the Twelfth International Conference and Exhibition on Laser Metrology, Coordinate Measuring Machine and Machine Tool Performance (LAMDAMAP 2017). editor / Liam Blunt ; Wolfgang Knapp. Bedfordshire : euspen, 2017. pp. 175-184
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abstract = "The overall quality of a machined component has an important association with the quality of its surface finish. To obtain adequate data for the surface metrology of machined components, areal scanners are often preferred over stylus based profile scanners due to their ability to acquire surface data over a relatively large area. To further improve efficiency, there is a desire to perform on-machine measurement, and recently, high-resolution areal surface scanners have been integrated as an on-machine measurement device. Due to the limited areal coverage, these scanners can require multiple scans to capture data from surfaces produced on machine tools which requires a sufficient amount of time to complete a full surface scan. In addition, since these scanners are very sensitive, scanning delays often cause areal scanners to capture data contaminated with noise which may arise from within the machining environment such as axes vibrations, temperature effects, dust, etc. These factors mean such instruments are typically used in metrology laboratories. This paper presents a new methodology referred to as multidirectional scanning (MDS) which is a technique that exploits characteristics of a 2D laser line scanner (profilometer). The device is used in two directions to scan the overall component surface ensuring the coverage of a wider surface area compared to typical areal scanners. Since the scanner is robust and integrated onto a machine tool, controlled axes feed rates in the orthogonal directions ensure high spatial resolution which in turn helps to identify and reduce the noise levels in the data. This methodology has been validated to be both accurate and rapid to scan the component surface, reducing the cost associated with machine downtime and also having a wider coverage of 6x6 mm2 for a single scan, compared to 1 mm2 for most conventional areal surface measurement instruments having comparable spatial and vertical resolution.",
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author = "Kwame Akowua and Simon Fletcher and Andrew Longstaff and Naeem Mian",
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day = "15",
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Akowua, K, Fletcher, S, Longstaff, A & Mian, N 2017, Areal surface measurement using multidirectional laser line scanning. in L Blunt & W Knapp (eds), Laser metrology and machine performance XII: Papers presented at the Twelfth International Conference and Exhibition on Laser Metrology, Coordinate Measuring Machine and Machine Tool Performance (LAMDAMAP 2017). euspen, Bedfordshire, pp. 175-184, 12th International Conference and Exhibition on Laser Metrology, Coordinate Measuring Machine and Machine Tool Performance, Wotton-under-Edge, United Kingdom, 15/03/17.

Areal surface measurement using multidirectional laser line scanning. / Akowua, Kwame; Fletcher, Simon; Longstaff, Andrew; Mian, Naeem.

Laser metrology and machine performance XII: Papers presented at the Twelfth International Conference and Exhibition on Laser Metrology, Coordinate Measuring Machine and Machine Tool Performance (LAMDAMAP 2017). ed. / Liam Blunt; Wolfgang Knapp. Bedfordshire : euspen, 2017. p. 175-184.

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

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T1 - Areal surface measurement using multidirectional laser line scanning

AU - Akowua, Kwame

AU - Fletcher, Simon

AU - Longstaff, Andrew

AU - Mian, Naeem

N1 - No available acceptance date on Eprints. HN 18/09/2017

PY - 2017/3/15

Y1 - 2017/3/15

N2 - The overall quality of a machined component has an important association with the quality of its surface finish. To obtain adequate data for the surface metrology of machined components, areal scanners are often preferred over stylus based profile scanners due to their ability to acquire surface data over a relatively large area. To further improve efficiency, there is a desire to perform on-machine measurement, and recently, high-resolution areal surface scanners have been integrated as an on-machine measurement device. Due to the limited areal coverage, these scanners can require multiple scans to capture data from surfaces produced on machine tools which requires a sufficient amount of time to complete a full surface scan. In addition, since these scanners are very sensitive, scanning delays often cause areal scanners to capture data contaminated with noise which may arise from within the machining environment such as axes vibrations, temperature effects, dust, etc. These factors mean such instruments are typically used in metrology laboratories. This paper presents a new methodology referred to as multidirectional scanning (MDS) which is a technique that exploits characteristics of a 2D laser line scanner (profilometer). The device is used in two directions to scan the overall component surface ensuring the coverage of a wider surface area compared to typical areal scanners. Since the scanner is robust and integrated onto a machine tool, controlled axes feed rates in the orthogonal directions ensure high spatial resolution which in turn helps to identify and reduce the noise levels in the data. This methodology has been validated to be both accurate and rapid to scan the component surface, reducing the cost associated with machine downtime and also having a wider coverage of 6x6 mm2 for a single scan, compared to 1 mm2 for most conventional areal surface measurement instruments having comparable spatial and vertical resolution.

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KW - Surface measurement

KW - Surface metrology

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M3 - Conference contribution

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BT - Laser metrology and machine performance XII

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PB - euspen

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Akowua K, Fletcher S, Longstaff A, Mian N. Areal surface measurement using multidirectional laser line scanning. In Blunt L, Knapp W, editors, Laser metrology and machine performance XII: Papers presented at the Twelfth International Conference and Exhibition on Laser Metrology, Coordinate Measuring Machine and Machine Tool Performance (LAMDAMAP 2017). Bedfordshire: euspen. 2017. p. 175-184