Argonauts of the Eastern Mediterranean: Military Nurses on Hospital and Transport Ships, 1914–18

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Fully-trained professional nurses worked on hospital ships during the First World War, caring for the wounded during their transfer from the Gallipoli Peninsula to military hospitals on the Island of Lemnos and in Egypt. Many wrote accounts of their experiences, including diaries, official narratives for inclusion in Arthur Butlers ‘Official History of the Australian Army Medical Services, 1914–1918’, and published memoirs. The paper explores the mythical prism through which they interpreted their experiences. Following an analysis of the ‘romance trope' upon which they drew, the paper identifies themes of ‘ordeal’ and ‘struggle’ which formed the central elements of their writings. It also identifies the ambivalence inherent in these writings, which focus on both the ‘heroism’ of soldier-patients and the pressures nurses appear to have felt to behave ‘heroically’ themselves. It concludes that behind the lines of nurses’ narratives there is a sense that, in doing such extraordinary work, these women believed they were both carving out an identity for themselves as female professionals on a world stage, and discovering their own strength and power as individuals.

LanguageEnglish
Pages198-210
Number of pages13
JournalJournal of War and Culture Studies
Volume10
Issue number3
Early online date24 Apr 2017
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Aug 2017
Externally publishedYes

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nurse
Military
heroism
narrative
medical services
women's work
First World War
ambivalence
soldier
Egypt
military
experience
inclusion
history
Eastern Mediterranean
Nurses
Ship
Romance
Ordeal
Tropes

Cite this

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