With the increasing demand of metals from industrial facilities and the construction sector, the abundance of discarded metals within the infrastructure of a typical city may be considered as an attractive source for metal recovery. The term “urban mining” refers to the process of recovering metals from secondary metal stocks in urban locations, which provide an alternative resource to conventional mountainous mines. An integrated urban mining potential assessment comprises of two steps: (a) mapping and size estimation of a certain metal reserve and (b) evaluation of the economic feasibility of its recovery, by determining the necessary extraction process. The infrastructure systems (or infrasystems) in the city of Huddersfield, and UK in general, are to a great extent buried underground and surface cables are usually immediately removed after being decommissioned. Thus, the major infrasystems (and the corresponding metals) in the studied region are (a) AC/DC power (Cu/Al), (b) telecommunication (Cu), (c) natural gas (Fe) and (d) water mains (Cu/Fe). In the current study, we focus on the assessment of urban iron mining potential, through mapping the spatial distribution of hibernating iron deposits in Huddersfield, identifying potential hotspots in the city and assessing alternative options for their recovery.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationProceedings of the 15th International Conference on Environmental Science and Technology
EditorsD.F. Lekkas
Number of pages5
Publication statusPublished - 2 Sep 2017
Event15th International Conference on Environmental Science and Technology - Rhodes, Greece
Duration: 31 Aug 20172 Sep 2017
Conference number: 15
https://cest2017.gnest.org/ (Link to Conference Website)


Conference15th International Conference on Environmental Science and Technology
Abbreviated titleCEST 2017
Internet address


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